Annual Report 2011: Administration of the Federal Appropriation
October 1, 2010 – September 30, 2011
- Secretary’s Report
- Highlights from the 2011 APH Annual Meeting
- Reports from the Ex Officio Trustee Advisory Committees of APH
- Distribution of Eligible Students for Fiscal Year 2011, Based on the Federal Quota Census of January 4, 2010 (Fiscal Year 2011)
- Agencies for the Education of the Visually Impaired in the United States Receiving Federal Quota Funds Due Under an Act to Promote the Education of the Blind, Fiscal Year 2011
2011 Formal Meeting of Ex Officio Trustees
The 143rd Formal Meeting of the Ex Officio Trustees of the American Printing House the Blind (APH) convened at 12:40 p.m., October 15, 2011, at the Galt House Hotel in Louisville, Kentucky. The following conferees were present:
Ex Officio Trustee Attendees
- Samuel Ace (AZ)
- James Adams (OK)
- Dorothy Arensen (GA)
- Yvonne Ali (MO)
- Barbria Bacon (NC)
- Collette Bauman (MI)
- Michael Bina (MD)
- Madeleine Burkindine (KS)
- Joseph Catavero (NY)
- Patrick Clancy (IA)
- Gary Cusick (KY)
- Suzanne Dalton (FL)
- William Daugherty (TX)
- Jim Downs (GA)
- Karen Duffy (NE)
- Jim Durst (IN)
- Leslie Durst (IN)
- Stacy Grandt (WI)
- Carmen Grove Suminski (ND)
- Melanie Hennessy (IL)
- Julie Kagy (NC)
- Marjorie Kaiser (SD)
- Robin King (LA)
- Jerry Kitzhoffer (PA)
- Teresa Lacy (AL)
- Carolyn Lasater (UT)
- Charlotte Lowry (AL)
- Cheryl Manuel (KS)
- Paula Mauro (OH)
- Carol McCarroll (TN)
- Marty McKenzie (SC)
- Craig Meador (WA)
- Martin Monson (TN)
- Cathy Nadberazny (PA)
- Nancy Niebrugge (CA)
- James Olson (CO)
- Marie Piquion-Leach (NC)
- Brent Pitt (TX)
- Rosie Pridgen (MS)
- Todd Reeves (PA)
- Dorinda Rife (MA)
- Karen Ross (MA)
- Steven Rothstein (MA)
- Donna See (WV)
- Jean Small (ME)
- Lee Speer (SC)
- Dean Stenehjem (WA)
- Kim Stiles (NH)
- Margaret Stone (KY)
- Robin Swenson (ID)
- Dawn Turco (IL)
- Norma Villanueva (DC)
- Dan Wenzel (WI)
- Stuart Wittenstein (CA)
- Christian Yates (HI)
- Angyln Young (AR)
Special Guests (Invited by Dr. Tuck Tinsley)
- Annette Reichman (Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services, Washington, DC)
APH Staff Attendees
- Ralph Bartley
- Bill Beavin
- Janie Blome
- Scott Blome
- Bob Brasher
- Jack Decker
- Mary Nelle McLennan
- Gary Mudd
- Julia Myers
- Kathy Smiddy
- Jane Thompson
- Tuck Tinsley
- Debbie Willis
- Paul Zurkuhlen
Minutes of Business Meeting
The meeting was opened with a welcome from Dr. Tuck Tinsley III, President and member of APH’s Board of Trustees. Ex Officio Trustees and APH staff in attendance introduced themselves and the organizations and departments they represented.
Comments Regarding FY2011
Dr. Tinsley provided a brief state-of-the-company report, and then commented on several issues, including the following:
- Literacy Rate of Blind Students — Based on concerns about misuse of data from the Federal Quota student census, during the 2010 Formal Meeting, several Ex Officio Trustees agreed to study the feasibility of short-term research to determine the literacy rate of school-aged blind students. After much consideration, it was determined that research to properly address this issue would need to be long-term and was too involved for the group to address without extensive resources.
- Braillewriters — The backorder status and planned delivery schedules of the Perkins-APH Brailler were discussed.
- Leaders to Leaders Program — During its 2011 On-Site Review of APH, the Department of Education determined that APH’s Leaders to Leaders Program advocated for funding for the Act to Promote the Education of the Blind and therefore, could not be funded with federal funds.
- FY 2012 Budget — The budget request by APH for FY 2012 funding of the Act to Promote the Education of the Blind was reviewed.
Dr. Tinsley recognized Annette Reichman, Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services, Washington, DC, for her eloquent and informative keynote address presented at the opening session of the 2011 APH Annual Meeting.
APH staff members were commended for their contributions, and Ex Officio Trustees were recognized for their contributions as well as for their attendance at the 2011 APH Annual Meeting.
Approval of Advisory Committee Reports
Stacy Grandt, Chair of the Education Products Advisory Committee (EPAC) and Ex Officio Trustee representing the Wisconsin School for the Visually Handicapped and Educational Services for the Vision Impaired; and Marjorie Kaiser, Chair of the Education Services Advisory Committee (ESAC) and Ex Officio Trustee representing the South Dakota School for the Blind and Visually Impaired, recognized each of their respective committee members and requested approval of their committee reports previously distributed to the Ex Officio Trustees. A motion to accept the reports as offered was made, seconded, and passed unanimously.
Approval of Committee Nominees
Suzanne Dalton, Chair of the Nominations Committee and Ex Officio Trustee representing the Florida State Department of Education, presented the committee’s slate of nominees for Advisory Committee members and chairpersons as follows:
- Marty KcKenzie, Ex Officio Trustee representing the South Carolina School for the Blind and Multihandicapped, nominated as the Chair of EPAC;
- Stephanie Bissonette, Ex Officio Trustee representing the Vermont State Department of Education, and Collette Bauman, Ex Officio Trustee representing the Michigan State Department of Education, nominated to serve three-year terms for EPAC;
- Todd Reeves, Ex Officio Trustee representing the Western Pennsylvania School for Blind Children, nominated as the alternative committee member for EPAC;
- Jonn Paris-Salb, Ex Officio Trustee representing the California Department of Education, nominated as the Chair of ESAC;
- Julie Kagy, Ex Officio Trustee representing the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, and Charlotte Lowry, Ex Officio Trustee representing the Alabama Institute for the Deaf and the Blind, nominated to serve two-year terms for ESAC; and
- Sally Giittinger, Ex Officio Trustee representing the Nebraska Center for the Education of Children Who Are Blind or Visually Impaired, nominated as the alternative committee member for ESAC.
A motion to accept the Nominations Committee’s recommendations was made, seconded, and unanimously passed.
Recognition of Retiring Advisory Committee Members
Bob Brasher and Janie Blome recognized the retiring Chairs of the Advisory Committees: Marjorie Kaiser for ESAC in 2011 and Stacy Grandt for EPAC in 2011. Also recognized were the alternate members of both Advisory Committees, Suzanne Dalton, Ex Officio Trustee representing the Florida Instructional Materials Center, for EPAC in 2011; and Barbara McCarthy, Ex Officio Trustee representing the Virginia Library and Resource Center and the Department for the Blind and Vision Impaired, for ESAC in 2011.
Dr. Tinsley provided the closing remarks. The 2011 Formal Meeting of the Ex Officio Trustees of APH was adjourned at 1:45 p.m.
Note: Full reports of the Ex Officio Trustee Advisory Committees are provided in this annual report.
Memories from the 2011 APH Annual Meeting “Running Strong Since 1858”
Ralph Brewer, Superintendent Emeritus of the Tennessee School for the Blind, received APH’s highest honor, the Wings of Freedom Award. Here Brewer poses with (left) Burt Boyer (APH) and Tuck Tinsley.
APH Annual Meeting 2011 Photo Album
See pictures from the 143rd Annual Meeting of Ex Officio Trustees and Special Guests.
About the APH Annual Meeting of Ex Officio Trustees
Held in Louisville each fall, Annual Meeting provides opportunities for Ex Officio Trustees to meet with APH staff, learn about new products, share input on upcoming products, help guide the direction of the APH (by participating on an Advisory Committee), and to meet other Trustees from across the U.S. APH also encourages and appreciates the participation by our many “Special Guests” who include teachers, parents, consumers, university program personnel, and other important groups of service providers.
Annual Meeting Is Mandated by the Act
In 1879, the U.S. Congress passed the Act to Promote the Education of the Blind. This act created the Federal Quota system to provide educational materials for blind students and named the American Printing House for the Blind as the national source of these materials. Part of that system requires that the Federal Quota program administrators—the Ex Officio Trustees—meet each year.
The advice and counsel of Trustees is crucial to help APH meet the needs of blind students. Participation in the meeting is one of the main responsibilities of an Ex Officio Trustee.
Reports from the Advisory Committees
Reports of the Advisory Committees to the Ex Officio Trustees of the American Printing House for the Blind for Fiscal Year 2011.
The Ex Officio Trustee Nominations Committee 2011 (left to right): Chair Suzanne Dalton (FL), Karen Ross (MA) and Nancy Niebrugge (CA).
Formal Report: 2011 Nominations Committee for Ex Officio Trustee Advisory Committees
The members of the 2011 Nominations Committee are:
- Suzanne Dalton, Chair, Florida
- Nancy Niebrugge, California
- Karen Ross, Massachusetts
Members of the Committee are honored to have been asked to perform the important assignment of nominating Ex Officio Trustees to serve on APH’s two Advisory Committees.
The Educational Products Advisory Committee and the Educational Services Advisory Committee support APH in the organization’s continuous improvement process, focusing on providing quality products and services that effectively meet the needs of our field. Ex Officio Trustees benefit and contribute through service on the Advisory Committees; the experience is an opportunity to learn about APH and to impact its important work.
Advisory Committee members are nominated with the following in mind:
- geographic representation;
- representation from a variety of agencies eligible for Federal Quota funds;
- experience as an Ex Officio Trustee;
- no Advisory Committee experience in the last three years;
- gender diversity;
- a willingness to accept the responsibilities of the membership; and
- the members of the Nominations Committee may not self-nominate.
The 2011 Nominations Committee recommended the following slate that was unanimously approved at the Formal Meeting of the Ex Officio Trustees convened on October 15, 2011 in Louisville, Kentucky:
Educational Products Advisory Committee
Chair for a one-year term:
Marty McKenzie, Ex Officio Trustee representing the South Carolina School for the Deaf, Blind and Multihandicapped
For three-year terms as committee members:
Collette Bauman, Ex Officio Trustee representing the Michigan State Department of Education and the Michigan School for the Blind;
Stephanie Bissonette, Ex Officio Trustee representing the Vermont State Department of Education
Alternate for a one-year term:
Todd Reeves, Ex Officio Trustee representing the Western Pennsylvania School for Blind Children
The full 2011-2012 Educational Products Advisory Committee will be: (The year preceding the name indicates the final year of regular committee tenure.)
- Chair — Marty McKenzie, South Carolina
- 2012 — Gerald Kitzhoffer, Pennsylvania
- 2012 — Paula Mauro, Ohio
- 2013 — Collette Bauman, Michigan
- 2013 — Stephanie Bissonette, Vermont
- Alternate — Todd Reeves, Pennsylvania
The Educational Services Advisory Committee
Chair for a one-year term:
Jonn Paris-Salb, Ex Officio Trustee representing the California Department of Education
For two-year terms as committee members:
Julie Kagy, Ex Officio Trustee representing the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction; Charlotte Lowry, Ex Officio Trustee representing the Alabama Institute for the Deaf and Blind
Alternate for a one-year term:
Sally Gittinger, Ex Officio Trustee representing the Nebraska Center for the Education of Children Who Are Blind or Visually Impaired
The full 2011-2012 Educational Services Advisory Committee will be: (The year preceding the name indicates the final year of regular committee tenure.)
- Chair — Jonn Paris-Salb, California
- 2012 — Patrick Clancy, Iowa
- 2012 — James Olson, Colorado
- 2013 — Julie Kagy, North Carolina
- 2013 — Charlotte Lowry, Alabama
- Alternate — Sally Giittinger, Nebraska
The Nominations Committee thanks the new and returning Advisory Committee members and chairs for their willingness to serve. We encourage all interested Ex Officio Trustees to declare your interest to be a future Advisory Committee member; it is the single most important way to contribute as an Ex Officio Trustee.
Suzanne Dalton, Chair
Nancy Niebrugge and Karen Ross, Members of the Nominations Committee
October 15, 2011
Report of the Educational Services Advisory Committee
Report of the Educational Services Advisory Committee to the Trustees of the American Printing House for the Blind for Fiscal Year 2011
The Ex Officio Trustee Educational Services Advisory Committee as of May, 2011: Jim Olson (CO), Sally Giitinger (NE), Jonn Paris-Salb (CA), Marje Kaiser (SD), Patrick Clancy (IA).
Purpose of ESAC
The purpose of the Educational Services Advisory Committee (ESAC) is to:
- Provide oversight and leadership in the planning, evaluation, and delivery of services.
- Identify new services needed.
- Assist the promotion of APH products through services, and
- Advise APH on general operations and communications as they relate to the accountability of services provided.
Introduction to the ESAC Report
In April of 2011, the Educational Services Advisory Committee (ESAC) met in Louisville, KY at the American Printing House for the Blind (APH). The ESAC committee met to address the 2010 ESAC report and to develop commendations and recommendations. To assist with this endeavor, interactive presentations were made by APH’s administrative staff and ESAC committee members. These interactive presentations provided progress updates on the 2010 recommendations, operations, and information on new initiatives.
ESAC Commendations 2011
Consistent with the Act to Promote the Education of the Blind (1879), the committee commends APH for:
- Providing EOTs with state-specific information with the Leaders to Leaders packet so EOTs can educate policymakers and stakeholders about the APH products and services.
- Increasing and improving communication through social networks such as Facebook, Twitter, Flickr, YouTube, and the award-winning Fred’s Head blog.
- Expanding the use of webinars and training videos to promote and educate on the use of APH products and services.
- Integrating the National Instructional Materials Access Center (NIMAC) and Louis databases for improved file access.
- Cataloging and digitizing the Barr, Bledsoe, and Migel library collections to expand access.
- Upgrading the Student Registration System (SRS) to identify possible duplication of student records in Phase 1.
- Utilizing EOT expertise on ad hoc committees to recommend improvements for the file repository and the Louis database.
- Implementing the interdepartmental travel committee to determine outreach participation by the APH staff.
- Improving the format and content of the monthly APH News.
- Redesigning the APH website which includes the left sidebar for navigation and the changeable billboard.
- Exceeding original projections to expand the NIMAC collection that now includes more than 24,000 assets.
ESAC Recommendations 2011
Consistent with the Act to Promote the Education of the Blind (1879), the committee recommends that APH:
- Establish an ad hoc committee (similar to the File Repository and Louis committees) to facilitate a process with EOTs to improve electronic submission of student data.
- Provide additional resources and training for EOTs with consideration of those who do not have education and/or experience in the field of vision.
- Continue to expand the utilization of EOTs to support and promote the APH mission by:
- Creating ad hoc committees as needed
- Requesting student and teacher success stories using APH products
- Requesting innovative uses and lesson plans of APH products
- Recruiting EOTs to promote APH products and services at regional events.
- Build in opportunities for EOTs to meet in small work groups during Annual Meeting to share best practices.
- Partner with agencies such as the U.S. Department of Education (DOE), Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP), Rehabilitation Services Administration (RSA), and National Association of State Directors of Special Education (NASDSE) to align services and products with national priorities.
- Share the benefits and results of the Executive in Residence program and its contributions to APH’s mission.
- Expand the promotion of the various collections of materials and artifacts.
- Increase the Tactile Graphic Image Library by actively recruiting the submission of images.
- Follow up with APH Scholars regarding the impact of Annual Meeting participation on their role in the field.
Marjorie Kaiser, Chair
Educational Services Advisory Committee
Report of the Educational Products Advisory Committee
Report of the Educational Products Advisory Committee to the Trustees of the American Printing House for the Blind for Fiscal Year 2011
The Ex Officio Trustee Educational Products Advisory Committee as of May, 2011: Paula Mauro (OH); Yvonne Ali (MO); Stacy Grandt (WI) Chair; Carmen Grove-Suminski (ND); Todd Reeves (PA); and Linda Lyles (NM)
Purpose of EPAC
The purpose of the Educational Products Advisory Committee (EPAC) is:
- To advise APH in establishing priorities, standards, and policies regarding publications and products.
- To review research and development priorities, suggest additional areas of interest, and advise APH staff on the prioritization of needs and projects.
- To review products under development and to consider approval of finished products for purchase with Federal Quota funds.
- To recommend parents, caregivers, students, clients, and professionals in the field to serve as subjects for research or field-test purposes, as project consultants, and/or as committee members.
Introduction to EPAC Report
In May of 2011, the Educational Products Advisory Committee (EPAC) met for the tenth year as a formal advisory body to the American Printing House for the Blind (APH). Committee members met with several APH employees and sincerely appreciated the candid, forthright, and transparent discussions. An undercurrent of passion and commitment to advance the interests of children with visual impairments is palpable at all levels of the organization – a fitting tribute to the legacy of this organization and an irreplaceable source of confidence in its future.
EPAC Commendations 2011
- Focusing on involving parents in the education of their children by producing parent-friendly products. APH encourages parental participation as evidenced by the development of early literacy products such as the Flip-over Concept Books and the Early Braille Trade Books (EBT). Additionally, the proposed new parents’ manual on Cortical Visual Impairment (CVI) and the emergent literacy books for parents of children aged birth through three will be particularly empowering for parents.
- Transforming and modernizing core curriculum products by 1.) Aligning products to meet national standards, 2.) Following national trends in education, and 3.) Incorporating promising practices in the field of vision impairment as well as changes to the braille code. Examples of such products include MathBuilders, Focus in Math, Geometro, Building on Patterns, Early Braille Trade Books, Quick Check Index of Literary Braille Signs, APH Talking PC Maps, Sense of Science Astronomy, Life Science Tactile Graphics, and Book Port Plus™.
- Its growing commitment to the entire population of students with visual impairments by promoting universal design in product development. Project leaders increasingly consider of the needs of students with visual impairment, including those with multiple disabilities, from the initiation of conceptual design through various stages of product development.
- Developing the finest products available through utilization of external experts. EPAC is particularly impressed with the national and international collaborations established to aid in product development, as well as the implementation of the Executive in Residence Program.
- Developing and increasing the market for adult-related products thereby, enhancing the independent living skills for older, transitioning students and adults (i.e., resources in non-verbal communications, parenting, orientation and mobility, diabetes education, daily living skills, and APH Talking PC Maps).
- Its excellent, passionate staff. Consistently, both APH staff and leadership recognize the importance of their work in helping shape the future of the students and families that their products support. They are not afraid to think critically, to ask difficult questions, to challenge current ways of thinking and to search for less traditional solutions that may meet multiple needs. The staff’s commitment to continuous improvement through rigorous research, collaboration, and internal and external team building all result in a staff that is willing to stretch themselves individually so that APH might grow collectively. One of APH’s greatest strengths lies in the quality of the men and women who call APH “home.”
- Developing products that have synergy and build upon one another to support student achievement (i.e., TADPOLE/ToAD/ISAVE; Early Braille Trade Books/EBT database/Building on Patterns).
EPAC Recommendations 2011
- Continue to work expeditiously to maintain the momentum that has been seen in the Building on Patterns project. APH has allocated significant resources to support this project, and the product is a strong curriculum to support literacy outcomes for students. It is further recommended that APH establish a systematic process for periodic revision of this curriculum.
- Establish a process to gather data that ensures support from Trustees before allocating resources to develop high cost technology products.
- Actively seek product feedback from various multi-disciplinary team members. EPAC made this recommendation in 2010 and APH’s implementation will support a growing commitment to the universal design of its products to meet the needs of students with multiple disabilities.
- Analyze the timeline to identify and correct bottlenecks that slow down production efficiency. Provide data to EPAC members during their annual visit that addresses 1.) Projected time for development of project; 2.) Actual timeline for product through each area of development and production.
- Replicate promising practices currently found within the company as a way to establish consistent processes that yield results (i.e. the Product Development Committee meetings).
Stacy Grandt, Chair
Educational Products Advisory Committee 2011
Addendum to the Advisory Committee Reports, Provided by APH
The Best for a Nest is a fun storybook with a storyboard and manipulative objects that helps blind children with many concepts, including the use of tactile symbols.
APH Products Approved for Purchase with Federal Quota Funds, FY2011
- Addition/Subtraction Table Kit
- APH InSights Art Calendar 2012
- APH Light-Touch Perkins Brailler
- APH Talking PC Maps
- The Best For A Nest
- Building on Patterns, First Grade, Unit 7
- Building on Patterns, Second Grade, Unit 1
- Building on Patterns, First Grade Reference Volume
- Building on Patterns, BOP First Grade, Unit 6 Animal Shapes & Pages Set
- Braille Date Book Calendar 2011 and 2012
- Early Braille Trade Books: Wright Group: TWiG 1 and 2
- Experiential Learning: Activities for Concept Development
- EZ Track Calendar 2012
- Feel ‘n Peel Sheets: Carousel Of Textures
- Focus in Mathematics Kit, Second Edition
- Games for People with Sensory Impairments
- Geometro Additional Shapes and Hook/Loop Material Rods
- Inkjet Hook Paper
- Life Science Tactile Graphics
- Light Box, Revised
- Lighting Guide Kit Video, DVD
- MathBuilders Unit 7
- Minibook family of braille writing products
- Moving Ahead: The Boy and the Wolf
- Permabraille Sheets 5.75×3.75
- Quick Check: Alphabetical Index of Literary Braille Signs
- Sense Of Science: Astronomy
- Student Model All-In-One Board
- Sudoku Partner 6 X 6
- Tactile Food Pyramid Kits, Primary and Secondary
- TADPOLE Kit
- Teach Me to See Video, DVD
- Test Ready Plus Mathematics, Books 3, 4, 5, and 6
- Transition Tote Back Pack
- TREKS: The Game of Compass Directions
- Verbal View of Excel 2007
- Verbal View of Word 2007
Distribution of Eligible Students
Based on the Federal Quota Census of January 4, 2010 (FY2011)
The Federal Quota Program was initiated in 1879 by the Federal Act to Promote the Education of the Blind. This program is a means whereby a per capita amount of money is designated for the purchase of educational materials for each eligible student registered through an established Federal Quota account. These Federal Quota accounts are maintained and administered by the American Printing House for the Blind (APH) and its Ex Officio Trustees.
The Federal Quota Registration is the census that records students who are eligible to receive materials provided by the Federal Act to Promote the Education of the Blind. This census is conducted through the Advisory Services portion of the act.
Appropriate Use of Federal Quota Census Data
The specific purpose of the annual Federal Quota Census is to register students in the United States and outlying areas who meet the definition of blindness and are, therefore, eligible for adapted educational materials from APH through the Act to Promote the Education of the Blind.
Statements regarding student literacy, use of appropriate learning media, and students taught in a specific medium cannot be supported using APH registration data.
Agencies Receiving Federal Quota Funds
Agencies for the Education of the Visually Impaired in the United States Receiving Federal Quota Funds Due Under an Act to Promote the Education of the Blind, Fiscal Year 2011
Note: The agencies listed in this section are in the following order within each state: State Departments of Education, Schools for the Blind, Rehabilitation Programs, Programs for Students with Multiple Disabilities.
*Note: The abbreviation "PNP" means "Private, Non-profit."
|State and Agency||Pupils as of January 4, 2010||FY 2011 Allocation in Dollars|
|Alabama State Department of Education, Talladega||943||$340,978.63|
|Alabama State Department of Education, *PNP, Talladega||74||26,757.60|
|Alabama Institute for Deaf and Blind, Talladega||322||116,431.73|
|Alaska State Department of Education, Anchorage||158||57,131.10|
|American Samoa Department of Education, Pago Pago||11||3,977.48|
|Arizona State Department of Education, Phoenix||788||284,932.30|
|Arizona State Department of Education, PNP, Phoenix||252||91,120.48|
|Arizona State Schools for the Deaf and the Blind, Tucson||268||96,905.91|
|Arkansas State Department of Education, Sherwood||287||103,776.10|
|Arkansas State Department of Education, PNP, Sherwood||35||12,655.62|
|Arkansas School for the Blind, Little Rock||113||40,859.58|
|Lions World Services for the Blind, Little Rock||32||11,570.85|
|Conway Human Development Center, Conway||73||26,396.01|
|California Department of Education, Sacramento||4,989||1,803,968.58|
|California Department of Education, PNP, Sacramento||639||231,055.51|
|California School for the Blind, Fremont||65||23,503.30|
|Braille Institute of America Inc, Los Angeles||48||17,356.28|
|Orientation Center for the Blind, Fremont||19||6,870.19|
|Colorado Department of Education, Colorado Springs||632||228,524.38|
|Colorado Department of Education, PNP, Colorado Springs||153||55,323.15|
|Colorado School for the Deaf and the Blind, Colorado Springs||68||24,588.07|
|Rehabilitation Center, Denver||38||13,740.39|
|Board of Education & Services for the Blind, Windsor||647||233,948.22|
|Board of Education & Services for the Blind, PNP, Windsor||4||1,446.36|
|Oak Hill School, Hartford||18||6,508.61|
|Connecticut State Department of Developmental Services, Hartford||77||27,842.37|
|State Department of Education, New Castle||188||67,978.77|
|State Department of Education, PNP, New Castle||2||723.18|
|Division for the Visually Impaired, New Castle||5||1,807.95|
District of Columbia
|District of Columbia Public Schools, Washington||93||33,627.80|
|District of Columbia Department of Human Services, Washington||8||2,892.71|
|Florida State Department of Education, Tampa||1,821||658,453.95|
|Florida State Department of Education, PNP, Tampa||109||39,413.22|
|Florida School for the Deaf and the Blind, St. Augustine||231||83,527.11|
|Division of Blind Services, Daytona Beach||58||20,972.17|
|Miami Lighthouse for the Blind, Inc., Miami||36||13,017.21|
|Conklin Centers for the Blind, Daytona Beach||47||16,994.69|
|Georgia State Department of Education, Clarkston||1,195||432,099.11|
|Georgia State Department of Education, PNP, Clarkston||9||3,254.30|
|Georgia Academy for the Blind, Macon||93||33,627.80|
|Center for the Visually Impaired, Atlanta||63||22,780.12|
|East Central Regional Hospital, Gracewood||3||1,084.77|
|Guam Department of Education, Hagåtña||31||11,209.27|
|Hawaii Department of Education, Honolulu||174||62,916.52|
|Hawaii Department of Education, PNP, Honolulu||25||9,039.73|
|Hawaii Center for the Deaf and the Blind, Honolulu||3||1,084.77|
|Idaho State Department of Education, Gooding||245||88,589.36|
|Idaho State Department of Education, PNP, Gooding||3||1,084.77|
|Idaho School for the Deaf and the Blind, Gooding||24||8,678.14|
|Idaho Commission for the Blind, Boise||15||5,423.84|
|Idaho State School and Hospital||3||1,084.77|
|Illinois State Board of Education, Chicago||1,841||665,685.74|
|Illinois State Board of Education, PNP, Chicago||522||188,749.57|
|Illinois School for the Visually Impaired, Jacksonville||99||35,797.33|
|The Hadley School for the Blind, Winnetka||997||360,504.44|
|The Chicago Lighthouse for People who are Blind or Visually Impaired, Chicago||287||103,776.10|
|Illinois Center for Rehabilitation and Education — Wood, Chicago||53||19,164.23|
|The Hope School, Springfield||13||4,700.66|
|Indiana Department of Education, Indianapolis||684||247,327.02|
|Indiana Department of Education, PNP, Indianapolis||5||1,807.95|
|Indiana School for the Blind, Indianapolis||108||39,051.63|
|Indiana Department of Education—Adult Students, Indianapolis||80||28,927.14|
|Iowa Department of Education, Vinton||419||151,505.88|
|Iowa Department of Education, PNP, Vinton||17||6,147.02|
|Iowa Braille and Sight Saving School, Vinton||7||2,531.12|
|Iowa Department for the Blind, Glenwood||34||12,294.03|
|Glenwood Resource Center, Glenwood||6||2,169.54|
|Kansas State Board of Education, Kansas City||491||177,540.30|
|Kansas State Board of Education, PNP, Kansas City||135||48,814.54|
|Kansas State School for the Blind, Kansas City||44||15,909.93|
|Kentucky Department of Education, Louisville||589||212,976.04|
|Kentucky Department of Education, PNP, Louisville||51||18,441.05|
|Kentucky School for the Blind, Louisville||56||20,249.00|
|Kentucky Department for the Blind, Louisville||18||6,508.61|
|Louisiana Department of Education, Baton Rouge||336||121,493.97|
|Louisiana Department of Education, PNP, Baton Rouge||2||723.18|
|Louisiana School for the Visually Impaired, Baton Rouge||73||26,396.01|
|Louisiana Center for the Blind, Ruston||88||31,819.85|
|The Lighthouse for the Blind in New Orleans Inc., New Orleans||8||2,892.71|
|Maine Division for the Blind and Visually Impaired, Bangor||161||58,215.86|
|Maine Division for the Blind and Visually Impaired, PNP, Bangor||11||3,977.48|
|Maryland State Department of Education, Baltimore||699||252,750.86|
|Maryland State Department of Education, PNP, Baltimore||139||50,260.90|
|The Maryland School for the Blind, Baltimore||177||64,001.29|
|Columbia Lighthouse for the Blind, Riverdale||27||9,762.91|
|Massachusetts Department of Education, Malden||1,296||468,619.62|
|Massachusetts Department of Education, PNP, Malden||40||14,463.57|
|Perkins School for the Blind—Infants and Toddlers, Watertown||250||90,397.30|
|The Carroll Center for the Blind, Newton||21||7,593.37|
|Massachusetts Association for the Blind, Brookline||15||5,423.84|
|Massachusetts Commission for the Blind, Boston||532||192,365.46|
|Perkins School for the Blind—School Programs, Watertown||138||49,899.31|
|Michigan Department of Education, Flint||1,948||704,375.78|
|Michigan Department of Education, PNP, Flint||22||7,954.96|
|Visually Handicapped Services/Detroit Receiving Hospital and University Health Center, Detroit||20||7,231.78|
|Michigan Commission for the Blind Training Center, Kalamazoo||211||76,295.32|
|Minnesota Department of Education, Roseville||777||280,954.82|
|Minnesota Department of Education, PNP, Roseville||8||2,892.71|
|Minnesota State Academy for the Blind, Faribault||50||18,079.46|
|Blind, Inc., Minneapolis||15||5,423.84|
|Vision Loss Resources, Minneapolis||4||1,446.36|
|Duluth Lighthouse for the Blind, Duluth||3||1,084.77|
|Mississippi State Department of Education, Jackson||222||80,272.80|
|Mississippi School for the Blind, Jackson||79||28,565.55|
|Addie McBryde Rehabilitation Center for the Blind, Jackson||17||6,147.02|
|Reach Center for the Blind, Tupelo||6||2,169.54|
|Department of Elementary & Secondary Education, St. Louis||963||348,210.41|
|Department of Elementary & Secondary Education, PNP, St. Louis||193||69,786.72|
|Missouri School for the Blind, St. Louis||63||22,780.12|
|Alphapointe Association for the Blind, Kansas City||32||11,570.85|
|Department of Social Services, Family Support Division, Jeffersion City||19||6,870.19|
|Montana State Department of Public Instruction, Great Falls||195||70,509.90|
|Montana State Department of Public Instruction, PNP, Great Falls||2||723.18|
|Montana School for the Deaf and the Blind, Great Falls||14||5,062.25|
|Nebraska State Department of Education, Nebraska City||380||137,403.90|
|Nebraska State Department of Education, PNP, Nebraska City||5||1,807.95|
|Nebraska Center for the Education of Children Who Are Blind or Visually Impaired, Nebraska City||13||4,700.66|
|Nevada Department of Education, Carson City||348||125,833.05|
|New Hampshire Department of Education, Concord||141||50,984.08|
|New Hampshire Department of Education, PNP, Concord||17||6,147.02|
|New Jersey Commission for the Blind and Visually Impaired, Newark||1,451||524,665.94|
|St. Joseph’s School for the Blind/Concordia Learning Center, Jersey City||136||49,176.13|
|New Mexico State Department of Education, Alamogordo||518||187,303.21|
|New Mexico State Department of Education, PNP, Alamogordo||11||3,977.48|
|New Mexico School for the Visually Handicapped, Alamogordo||98||35,435.74|
|New York State Education Department, Batavia||2,757||996,901.45|
|New York State Education Department, PNP, Batavia||1,201||434,268.64|
|Lavelle School for the Blind, Bronx||110||39,774.81|
|The New York Institute for Special Education, Bronx||112||40,497.99|
|New York State School for the Blind, Batavia||53||19,164.23|
|Helen Keller National Center||27||9,762.91|
|North Carolina Department of Public Education, Raleigh||1,115||403,171.97|
|North Carolina Department of Public Education, PNP, Raleigh||391||141,381.38|
|The Governor Morehead School, Raleigh||334||120,770.80|
|Division of Services for the Blind, Raleigh||21||7,593.37|
|Department of Public Instruction, Grand Forks||171||61,831.75|
|Department of Public Instruction, PNP, Grand Forks||13||4,700.66|
|North Dakota School for the Blind, Grand Forks||74||26,757.60|
Northern Mariana Islands
|Commonwealth of the Northern Marianas Islands (CNMI) Department of Education||19||6,870.19|
|Ohio State Department of Education, Columbus||1,525||551,423.55|
|Ohio State Department of Education, PNP, Columbus||31||11,209.27|
|Ohio State School for the Blind, Columbus||98||35,435.74|
|Oklahoma Department of Education, Oklahoma City||687||248,411.79|
|Oklahoma School for the Blind, Muskogee||83||30,011.90|
|Oregon Department of Education, Salem||616||222,738.95|
|Oregon Department of Education, PNP, Salem||27||9,762.91|
|Pennsylvania Department of Education, Harrisburg||1,681||607,831.46|
|Pennsylvania Department of Education, PNP, Harrisburg||19||6,870.19|
|Overbrook School for the Blind, Philadelphia||413||149,336.34|
|Western Pennsylvania School for Blind Children, Pittsburgh||179||64,724.47|
|Blind And Vision Rehabilitation Services of Pittsburgh, Homestead||34||12,294.03|
|Royer-Greaves School for the Blind, Downingtown||27||9,762.91|
|Puerto Rico Department of Education, San Juan||633||228,885.97|
|Puerto Rico Department of Education, PNP, San Juan||16||5,785.43|
|Instituto Loaiza Cordero para Niños Ciegos, San Juan||63||22,780.12|
|Rehabilitation Center for the Blind of Puerto Rico, San Juan||53||19,164.23|
|Rhode Island Department of Education, Providence||146||52,792.02|
|Rhode Island Department of Education, PNP, Providence||47||16,994.69|
|South Carolina Department of Education, Columbia||477||172,478.05|
|South Carolina School for the Deaf, Blind, and Multihandicapped, Columbia||228||82,442.34|
|South Carolina Commission for the Blind, Columbia||28||10,124.50|
|South Carolina School for the Deaf, Blind, and Multihandicapped, PNP, Columbia||44||15,909.93|
|South Carolina Department of Disabilities and Special Needs, Columbia||451||163,076.73|
|South Dakota Department of Education, Pierre||72||26,034.42|
|South Dakota School for the Blind & Visually Impaired, Aberdeen||137||49,537.72|
|South Dakota Rehabilitation Center for the Blind, Sioux Falls||6||2,169.54|
|Tennessee State Department of Education, Nashville||792||286,378.65|
|Tennessee State Department of Education, PNP, Nashville||31||11,209.27|
|Tennessee School for the Blind, Nashville||149||53,876.79|
|Texas Education Agency, Austin||4,917||1,777,934.15|
|Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired, Austin||126||45,560.24|
|The Lighthouse for the Blind of Houston, Houston||41||14,825.16|
|Criss Cole Rehabilitation Center, Austin||51||18,441.05|
|Texas Department of Mental Health-Mental Retardation, Austin||558||201,766.78|
|Utah State Office of Education, Ogden||505||182,602.55|
|Utah Schools for the Deaf and the Blind, Ogden||192||69,425.13|
|Vermont State Department of Education, South Burlington||132||47,729.78|
|Virgin Islands Department of Education, St. Thomas||20||7,231.78|
|Virginia Department of Education, Richmond||1,048||378,945.49|
|Virginia School for the Deaf and the Blind—Staunton, Staunton||33||11,932.44|
|Department for the Blind and Vision Impaired, Richmond||83||30,011.90|
|Department for the Blind and Vision Impaired, PNP, Richmond||16||5,785.43|
|Washington State Department of Public Instruction, Vancouver||844||305,181.29|
|Washington State Department of Public Instruction, PNP, Vancouver||56||20,249.00|
|Washington State School for the Blind, Vancouver||59||21,333.76|
|West Virginia State Department of Education, Romney||245||88,589.36|
|West Virginia State Department of Education, PNP, Romney||2||723.18|
|West Virginia Schools for the Deaf and the Blind, Romney||85||30,735.08|
|Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction, Janesville||748||270,468.73|
|Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction, PNP, Janesville||20||7,231.78|
|Wisconsin School for the Visually Handicapped & Educational Services for the Visually Impaired, Janesville||39||14,101.98|
|Wyoming Department of Education, Riverton||88||31,819.85|
|Wyoming Department of Education, PNP, Riverton||53||19,164.23|