Calendar Box Schedule
Schedule Board for a more visually attentive learner
Vision Area - Adaptation
Light Box - Motion
Light Box with Border
Vocational - Recycling Bins
Other Vocational Activities
Toy Adaptation - Disco Ball
Toy Adaptation - Book
More Toy Adaptations
A black background is used to reduce visual complexity to draw attention to the symbol for each activity. In order to draw the child's visual attention, each symbol uses the color red. When used, only one object is on the schedule board at a time. The photograph on the right illustrates the various objects that can be used in her schedule system. The red box on the right of the schedule board is used to deposit objects after the activities have been finished.
This calendar box has been adapted by painting the entire box and background black to reduce visual complexity. The schedule items incorporate the familiar colors of red and yellow. The same green "finished box" is used. The yellow object in the adapated calendar box indicates "music." The lower right box illustrates some other objects that are used; each one uses yellow.
The familiar color border on each schedule card focuses the student's visual attention onto the photograph of the activity. These photographs are more complex, including multiple colors.
Left: This student uses a choice board with partial objects to make choices between songs. The symbols are placed on a black background and far apart on the board to reduce visual complexity. Choices are kept to a maximum of two.
Right: This is a free time choice board. It uses colors to which the student visually attends (red and yellow). The symbols, including the truck and dog, are selected because they use these familiar colors yet still have some visual complexity.
The vision area in the pictures has been adapted from a vision area for a learner working on vision refinement to a vision area for a learner with minimal visual response. A black background has been added to decrease visual distractions and the room light is kept low. The student visually responds to light and the colors red and yellow, so the spinner was made with a red overlay and the handle is yellow.
This is a near space vision light box with a solid black background. The objects on the light box are familiar colors. Light shines through the objects to focus students' attention to the objects. The black border removes visual distractions from the surrounding area. The right photograph is a close-up of the objects on the light box.
This near space vision light box is used to work on visual tracking. A series of balls can be rolled across the box from left to right. This box incorporates a simple background, single-color objects, and a strictly controlled environment.
This is a light board with a black border to cut out the background. The yellow target draws attention to objects on the light box. Different sized borders permit different sized objects to be placed on the light board within the yellow target.
The mirror is covered to reduce complexity. Red and yellow tags are used to draw attention to soap, towels, and the water faucet. Everything (except for the covered mirror) is a natural background.
For a vocational job (sorting task) at school, a student recycles aluminum cans and Styrofoam cups. He gathers the cans from the classroom and brings them here to the recycling center, where he places them in the correct bins.
For adaptation, background complexity is reduced by black covers. Yellow strips are used to draw attention to where the objects are inserted. Recycling bins are labeled with the objects.
Left: Adapted jigs for various vocational activities. Solid familiar colors are used to highlight where the student's visual attention needs to be for the job.
Right: A vocational job setup for coin collection. The board is used to limit visual distractions behind the location of activity. The red funnel is used to attract the student's visual attention to where the coins need to be placed.
When the student drops the ball through the hole outlined in yellow, a switch is activated and the disco ball lights up. The black background and yellow border focus the student's attention onto the target. The ball is red, due to the student's preference for that color. The disco lights act as a reward for the student completing the activity.
The picture on the cover of the book was concealed to reduce visual distraction (the book is not currently being used as a book). To reduce the complexity of the small picture buttons, the buttons were covered with two different colored stickers which are motivating colors for the student. The colors below the piano keys were also covered to decrease visual distractions.
Left: This student functions at a higher level than the student for the previous toy adaptation. Like the previous example, the front of this book was covered with black paper to reduce visual complexity. The colors of the buttons remained the same since this student attends to a variety of colors.
Right: This student's toys either naturally incorporate familiar colors or have been adapted to include familiar colors to draw attention. Movement and reflective properties of toys (such as the pinwheel) are intentional in order to encourage focusing and attention. These toys do retain some color variance.
This student uses a black background behind a puzzle to reduce visual complexity. Puzzles with solid color pieces are used. Because this student's issues with complexity are resolving, the black background can be faded out for more familiar tasks. New tasks may need the black background to be brought out again.
The brown tube was previously added in order to enhance the student's ability to grip the spoon. The spoon was later adapted by adding the red piece to draw the student's attention to the spoon.
To draw a student's visual attention to the handles of the walker, the handles were wrapped in red foam.