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Thus Color Was Distinguished Where No Color Was Seen: State-Supported Schools for the Blind for African-American Children

After the Civil War, the southern states began to open departments for African-American children who were blind, usually in separate facilities. In the Civil Rights Era, some schools for the blind integrated peacefully, while others dealt with lawsuits and threats, just as schools for sighted children.

Overview: State-Supported Schools for the Blind for African-American Children

Overview: Desegregation of Schools in the Civil Rights Era

“Colored Departments” of Schools for the Blind by State
Follow the links below for more information about individual schools.

School Established Integrated
North Carolina 1868 1977
Maryland 1872 1960
Georgia 1882 1965
Tennessee 1883 1965
South Carolina 1883 1967
Kentucky 1884 1955
Texas 1887 1965
Arkansas 1889 1965
Alabama 1892 1968
Florida 1895 1967
Oklahoma 1909 Unknown
Virginia 1909 1973
West Virginia 1919 1955
Louisiana 1920 1978
Mississippi 1950 1974

(References)