Annual Report 2012: Administration of the Federal Appropriation
October 1, 2011 – September 30, 2012
- Secretary’s Report
- Highlights from the 2012 APH Annual Meeting
- Reports from the Ex Officio Trustee Advisory Committees of APH
- Distribution of Eligible Students for Fiscal Year 2012, Based on the Federal Quota Census of January 3, 2011 (Fiscal Year 2012)
- Number of Blind and Visually Impaired Students Registered, Fiscal Year 2012
- Agencies for the Education of the Visually Impaired in the United States Receiving Federal Quota Funds Due Under an Act to Promote the Education of the Blind, Fiscal Year 2012
2012 Formal Meeting of Ex Officio Trustees
The 144th Formal Meeting of the Ex Officio Trustees of the American Printing House the Blind (APH) convened at 12:40 p.m., October 14, 2012, at the Galt House Hotel in Louisville, Kentucky. The following conferees were present:
Ex Officio Trustee Attendees
- James Adams (OK)
- Yvonne Ali (MO)
- Barbria Bacon (NC)
- Collette Bauman (MI)
- Michael Bina (MD)
- Joseph Catavero (NY)
- Suzanne Dalton (FL)
- William Daugherty (TX)
- Bob Disher (OR)
- Jim Downs (GA)
- Jim Durst (IN)
- Leslie Durst (IN)
- Barbara Engelbrecht (WY)
- Rosa Gomez (CA)
- Steve Gettel (MT)
- Stacy Grandt (WI)
- Carmen Grove Suminski (ND)
- Melanie Hennessy (IL)
- Julie Kagy (NC)
- Marjorie Kaiser (SD)
- Robin King (LA)
- Teresa Lacy (AL)
- Carolyn Lasater (UT)
- Charlotte Lowry (AL)
- Linda Lyle (NM)
- Paula Mauro (OH)
- Marty McKenzie (SC)
- Craig Meador (WA)
- Martin Monson (TN)
- Dorothe Mumford (DE)
- Nancy Niebrugge (CA)
- James Olson (CO)
- Margie Ortgiesen (IA)
- Jonn Paris-Salb (CA)
- Marie Piquion-Leach (NC)
- Brent Pitt (TX)
- Jeanne Prickett (FL)
- Rosie Pridgen (MS)
- Todd Reeves (PA)
- Dorinda Rife (MA)
- Karen Ross (MA)
- Steven Rothstein (MA)
- Donna See (WV)
- Steve Shiraki (HI)
- Lee Speer (SC)
- Dean Stenehjem (WA)
- Margaret Stone (KY)
- Norma Villanueva (DC)
- Pepper Watson (OK)
- Stuart Wittenstein (CA)
- Angyln Young (AR)
Special Guests (Invited by Dr. Tuck Tinsley)
- Annette Reichman (Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services, Washington, DC)
APH Staff Attendees
- Ralph Bartley
- Bill Beavin
- Janie Blome
- Scott Blome
- Bob Brasher
- Jack Decker
- Mary Nelle McLennan
- Julia Myers
- Jane Thompson
- Tuck Tinsley
- Debbie Willis
- Paul Zurkuhlen
Minutes of the Business Meeting
The meeting was opened with a welcome from Dr. Tuck Tinsley III, President and member of APH’s Board of Trustees. Ex Officio Trustees in attendance introduced themselves, and indicated the programs they represented and how long they had served as Ex Officio Trustees. APH staff members also introduced themselves. Dr. Tinsley then recognized Annette Reichman with the Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services in Washington, DC.
Comments Regarding FY2012
Dr. Tinsley provided a brief overview of the year, including the following:
- APH Strategic Plan — The plan includes three priorities and three enablers. The priorities are Products, the Act to Promote the Education of the Blind, and the Workforce. The enablers are Technology, Digital Data, and Fundraising. Dr. Tinsley stressed that the entire plan focuses on the provision of products, the true purpose for the American Printing House for the Blind. He distributed a one-page overview of the Strategic Plan that included the Mission, Vision, Priorities, and Objectives.
- APH has continued to focus on improving the sourcing, production, and delivery of products. Total sales for 2012 were $28,908,000, an increase of 9% from 2011. Attendees agreed that APH had done a good job with timely delivery of products in 2012.
- Quota sales of $21,949,000 were 67% of total sales. Of those sales, 50% were for educational aids; 22% for large type; 18% for electronic products; and 10% for braille.
- A new traveling exhibition, “Child in a Strange Country: Helen Keller and the History of Education for People Who Are Blind or Visually Impaired,” opened at the Louisville Free Public Library during Annual Meeting.
- Purchase of Braille International equipment — Braille International, a Florida braille producer since the early 1980s, went out of business in July, 2012. APH has purchased most of the company’s manufacturing equipment to integrate into APH’s production department. APH has also contracted with four Braille International transcription teams, utilizing them with the NLS work.
- APH is facing a sequestration of federal funding on January 2, 2013, due to the fact that Congress was unable to pass the FY2013 budget. A Continuing Resolution should maintain funding at FY2012 levels until March, 2013.
- In 2013, APH’s plans include:
- Making large print electronic books available through the APH File Repository. These electronic books can be used on iPads®, computers, APH’s Book Port Plus™, and other devices.
- Focusing research efforts on product development in the areas of science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM); and
- Continues to be involved with other organizations in work toward the development of a full-page refreshable braille display.
Approval of the Committee Reports
Jonn Paris-Salb, Chair of the Education Services Advisory Committee (ESAC) and Ex Officio Trustee representing the California Department of Education, and Yvonne Ali, a member of the Education Products Advisory Committee (EPAC), and Ex Officio Trustee representing the Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, recognized each of their committee members and requested approval of the committees’ reports previously distributed to the Ex Officio Trustees. A motion to accept the reports as offered was made, seconded, and passed unanimously.
Approval of the Nominations Committee
Marjorie Kaiser, Chair of the Nominations Committee and Ex Officio Trustee representing the South Dakota School for the Blind and Visually Impaired, presented the committee’s slate of nominees for advisory committee members and chairpersons as follows:
- Linda Lyle, Ex Officio Trustee representing the New Mexico School for the Blind and Visually Handicapped/New Mexico State Department of Education, was nominated as the Chair of EPAC in 2013.
- Dorinda Rife, Ex Officio Trustee representing the Perkins School for the Blind, and Madeleine Burkindine, Ex Officio Trustee representing the Kansas School for the Blind, were nominated to serve three-year terms for EPAC beginning in 2013.
- Yvonne Ali, Ex Officio Trustee representing the Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, was nominated as the alternate committee member for EPAC in 2013.
- Jim Olson, Ex Officio Trustee representing the Colorado Department of Education/Colorado School for the Blind, was nominated as the Chair of ESAC in 2013.
- Jim Durst, Ex Officio Trustee representing the Indiana School for the Blind, and Christine Hinton, Ex Officio Trustee representing the New Jersey Commission for the Blind, were nominated to serve two-year terms for ESAC beginning in 2013.
- Sally Giittinger, Ex Officio Trustee representing the Nebraska Center for the Education of Children Who Are Blind or Visually Impaired, was nominated as the alternate committee member for ESAC in 2013.
A motion to accept the Nominations Committee’s recommendations was made, seconded, and unanimously passed.
Recognition of Retiring Advisory Committee Members
Bob Brasher and Janie Blome recognized the retiring Chairs of the Advisory Committees, Jonn Paris-Salb, Ex Officio Trustee representing California Department of Education, Chairman of ESAC in 2012; and Marty McKenzie, Ex Officio Trustee representing the South Carolina School for the Deaf, Blind, and Multihandicapped, Chairman of EPAC in 2012. Also recognized was retiring EPAC member, Todd Reeves, Ex Officio Trustee representing the Western Pennsylvania School for Blind Children. Brasher and Blome then recognized the alternate members of both Advisory Committees, Yvonne Ali, Ex Officio Trustee representing Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, alternate member for EPAC in 2012; and Sally Giittinger, Ex Officio Trustee representing Nebraska Center for the Education of Children Who Are Blind or Visually Impaired, alternate member for ESAC in 2012.
Dr. Tinsley provided the closing remarks. He saluted APH’s staff for the great work they do every day and extended appreciation and admiration of the Board and management of APH for the Ex Officio Trustees for the role they play in the administration of the Act to Promote the Education of the Blind.
The 2012 Formal Meeting of the Ex Officio Trustees of APH was adjourned at 1:30 p.m.
Note: Full reports of the Ex Officio Trustee Advisory Committees are provided in this annual report.
Memories from the 2012 APH Annual Meeting “Traveling the Extra Mile”
APH Director of Research Ralph Bartley and APH Braille Project Leader Eleanor Pester awarded “Extra Mile” awards to the many writers who assisted in the historic completion of the Building on Patterns braille reading series.
About the APH Annual Meeting of Ex Officio Trustees
Held in Louisville each fall, Annual Meeting provides opportunities for Ex Officio Trustees to meet with APH staff, learn about new products, share input on upcoming products, help guide the direction of the APH (by participating on an Advisory Committee), and to meet other Trustees from across the U.S. APH also encourages and appreciates the participation by our many “Special Guests” who include teachers, parents, consumers, university program personnel, and other important groups of service providers.
Annual Meeting Is Mandated by the Act
In 1879, the U.S. Congress passed the Act to Promote the Education of the Blind. This act created the Federal Quota system to provide educational materials for blind students and named the American Printing House for the Blind as the national source of these materials. Part of that system requires that the Federal Quota program administrators—the Ex Officio Trustees—meet each year.
The advice and counsel of Trustees is crucial to help APH meet the needs of blind students. Participation in the meeting is one of the main responsibilities of an Ex Officio Trustee.
Reports of the Advisory Committees
Reports of the Advisory Committees to the Ex Officio Trustees of the American Printing House for the Blind for Fiscal Year 2012.
The Ex Officio Trustee Nominations Committee 2012 (left to right): Marjorie Kaiser (SD), Chair; Marty McKenzie (SC) and Sally Giittinger (NE).
Formal Report: 2012 Nominations Committee for Ex Officio Trustee Advisory Committees
The members of the 2012 Nominations Committee are:
- Marjorie Kaiser, Chair, South Dakota
- Marty McKenzie, South Carolina
- Sally Giittinger, Nebraska
Members of the Committee are honored to have been asked to perform the important assignment of nominating Ex Officio Trustees to serve on APH’s two Advisory Committees.
The Educational Products Advisory Committee and the Educational Services Advisory Committee support APH in the organization’s continuous improvement process, focusing on providing quality products and services that effectively meet the needs of our field. Ex Officio Trustees benefit and contribute through service on the Advisory Committees; the experience is an opportunity to learn about APH and to impact its important work.
Advisory Committee members are nominated with the following in mind:
- geographic representation;
- representation from a variety of agencies eligible for Federal Quota funds;
- experience as an Ex Officio Trustee;
- no Advisory Committee experience in the last three years;
- gender diversity;
- a willingness to accept the responsibilities of the membership; and
- the members of the Nominations Committee may not self-nominate.
The 2012 Nominations Committee recommended the following slate that was unanimously approved at the Formal Meeting of the Ex Officio Trustees convened on October 13, 2012 in Louisville, Kentucky:
Educational Products Advisory Committee
Chair for a one-year term:
Linda Lyle, Ex Officio Trustee representing the New Mexico School for the Visually Handicapped and the New Mexico State Department of Education
For three-year terms as committee members:
Dorinda Rife, Ex Officio Trustee representing the Perkins School for the Blind—School Programs, Massachusetts
Madeleine Burkindine, Ex Officio Trustee representing the Kansas School for the Blind
Alternate for a one-year term:
Yvonne Ali, Ex Officio Trustee representing the Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education
The full 2012-2013 Educational Products Advisory Committee will be: (The year preceding the name indicates the final year of regular committee tenure.)
- Chair — Linda Lyle, New Mexico
- 2013 — Colette Bauman, Michigan
- 2013 — Stephanie Bissonette, Vermont
- 2014 — Dorinda Rife, Massachusetts
- 2014 — Madeleine Burkindine, Kansas
- Alternate — Yvonne Ali, Missouri
The Educational Services Advisory Committee
Chair for a one-year term:
Jim Olson, Ex Officio Trustee representing the Colorado School for the Deaf and the Blind and the Colorado Department of Education
For two-year terms as committee members:
Jim Durst, Ex Officio Trustee representing the Indiana School for the Blind
Christine Hinton, Ex Officio Trustee representing the New Jersey Commission for the Blind and Visually Impaired
Alternate for a one-year term:
Sally Giittinger, Ex Officio Trustee representing the Nebraska Center for the Education of Children Who Are Blind or Visually Impaired
The full 2012-2013 Educational Services Advisory Committee will be: (The year preceding the name indicates the final year of regular committee tenure.)
- Chair — Jim Olson, Colorado
- 2013 — Julie Kagy, North Carolina
- 2013 — Charlotte Lowry, Alabama
- 2014 — Jim Durst, Indiana
- 2014 — Christine Hinton, New Jersey
- Alternate — Sally Giittinger, Nebraska
The Nominations Committee thanks the new and returning Advisory Committee members and chairs for their willingness to serve. We encourage all interested Ex Officio Trustees to declare your interest to be a future Advisory Committee member; it is the single most important way to contribute as an Ex Officio Trustee.
Marjorie Kaiser, Chair
Sally Giitinger and Marty McKenzie, Members of the Nominations Committee
October 13, 2012
Report of the Educational Services Advisory Committee
Report of the Educational Services Advisory Committee to the Trustees of the American Printing House for the Blind for Fiscal Year 2012.
The Ex Officio Trustee Educational Services Advisory Committee as of April, 2012: (left to right), back row: Jim Olson (CO), Julie Kagy (NC), Jonn Paris-Salb, Chair (CA); front row: Sally Giittinger (NE), Charlotte Lowry (AL).
Purpose of ESAC
The purpose of the Educational Services Advisory Committee (ESAC) is to:
- Provide oversight and leadership in the planning, evaluation, and delivery of services.
- Identify new services needed.
- Assist the promotion of APH products through services, and
- Advise APH on general operations and communications as they relate to the accountability of services provided.
ESAC Commendations 2012
Consistent with the Act to Promote the Education of the Blind (1879), the committee commends APH for:
- Responding effectively and in a timely fashion to input from the field through the use of website, meetings, advisory and ad hoc committees.
- Addressing the need to increase the number of individuals served.
- Increasing connections to university training programs by providing products to enhance training teachers.
- Continuing improvements to the APH Website.
- Providing an opportunity for EOTs to meet and work in small work groups during Annual Meeting to share best practices.
- Using video to promote APH products and services such as the Unforgettable Star Video and Home Grown Video.
- Providing personal contact and training for new SRS account assistants.
- Implementing new administrative features that allowed for an improved and more efficient SRS process.
- Utilizing the APH File Repository Council and the Louis Advisory Council as user-focus groups to gather input.
- Continuing the improvement of the online shopping site.
- Implementing valuable educational programs and adding exhibits to the museum, along with increasing digitization of the collections.
- Addressing and planning for the implementation of quality assurance for device repair.
- Through this process, the ESAC committee noted the APH staff know and live the mission, serve as professionals and are very responsive to the needs of all those in the field. As stated by a staff member during a presentation, “We like to make information available. That’s just who we are.”
ESAC Recommendations 2012
Consistent with the Act to Promote the Education of the Blind (1879), the committee recommends that APH:
- Consider broadening the selection criteria of the APH Scholars to include indirect service providers and increase the expectations of selected scholars.
- Increase the number of individuals served by APH products and services by using the EOTs as your resource.
- Develop specifically designed marketing materials similar to Leaders to Leaders Advocacy Program for targeted audiences so EOTS can promote the use of APH products and services to groups regarding early intervention and adult programs.
- Create new ideas to increase EOT attendance at Annual Meeting.
- Be proactive with federal initiatives such as the Common Core State Standards and the impact on APH products and services.
- Increase the tactile graphic image library by asking EOTs to solicit image templates; and APH form partnerships with other tactile developers.
- Expand online tutorials related to products and create an introductory tutorial on the use of the APH website.
- Explore ways to better notify users of discontinued items on the shopping site.
- Determine the feasibility of providing SRS data input with electronic upload from individual agencies to APH accounts.
Jonn Paris-Salb, Chair
Educational Services Advisory Committee
Report of the Educational Products Advisory Committee
Report of the Educational Products Advisory Committee to the Trustees of the American Printing House for the Blind for Fiscal Year 2012.
The Ex Officio Trustee Educational Products Advisory Committee as of April, 2012 (left to right), back row: Yvonne Ali (MO), Paula Mauro (OH), Collette Bauman (MI), Linda Lyle (NM); front row: Joe Catavero (NY), Jerry Kitzhoffer (PA), Marty McKenzie, Chair, (SC).
Purpose of EPAC
The purpose of the Educational Products Advisory Committee (EPAC) is:
- To advise APH in establishing priorities, standards, and policies regarding products.
- To review research and development priorities, suggest additional areas of interest, and advise APH staff on the prioritization of needs and projects.
- To review products under development and to consider approval of finished products for purchase with Federal Quota funds.
- To recommend parents, caregivers, students, clients, and professionals in the field to serve as subjects for research or field-test purposes, as project consultants, and/or as committee members.
Introduction to EPAC Report
In April, 2012, the Educational Products Advisory Committee (EPAC) met for the eleventh year as a formal advisory body to the American Printing House for the Blind (APH). The EPAC met with project leaders, other APH staff, and consultants. The committee appreciated the time dedicated to project discussions and preparation for the EPAC visit. APH staff clearly demonstrates passion, enthusiasm, and commitment to the vision of the company and is dedicated to the development of educational products for students who are blind and visually impaired.
EPAC Commendations 2012
- The EPAC recognizes that a commitment to continuous improvement is a commitment to an environment of change. The EPAC applauds APH staff for this effort as evidenced by the ability to articulate their department’s strategic planning; project leaders’ thoughtful outcomes based on past experience; and data showing continuous collaboration needed for excellence.
- The EPAC commends APH staff for its commitment to completing the Building on Patterns project. The EPAC recognizes that the emphasis placed on this project has sacrificed the completion of other products currently in development. The committee looks forward to celebrating the completion of Building on Patterns with APH.
- In challenging economic times, competition for limited resources in the workplace is a common occurrence. The EPAC commends the staff of APH for their increased commitment to collaboration and ongoing communication at every level. This has resulted in prioritizing workloads, in sharing limited resources, and in continuing their practice of developing high quality, data-driven products for the field.
- The EPAC recognizes that new products generate a high level of enthusiasm. The committee commends APH for their efficiency in strategically prioritizing workloads to ensure that textbooks, assessments and back-ordered products are made available to the field in advance of new products.
- The EPAC commends the Accessible Textbook Department for improving the timely delivery of large print and braille textbooks to students who are blind and visually impaired.
- The EPAC commends APH for its use of a standard interface for web-based products that provides a delivery model for consistent presentation and efficiency (i.e. SAM: Symbols and Meaning, Early Braille Trade Books).
- The EPAC commends APH for developing quality products for students who are blind and visually impaired through the establishment of collaborative partnerships with national and international partners (i.e. Dolly Parton’s Imagination Library Partnership, Les Doigts Qui Revent, Hilton-Perkins, Baum). We further commend APH for developing and implementing the Executive in Residence program.
- The EPAC commends APH staff for recognizing the need to balance the pace of rapidly changing technological advances and the demands for new products while maintaining reasonable costs.
- The EPAC recognizes APH staff for exhibiting efficiency and accountability in the use of taxpayer dollars while utilizing cost-saving methods in producing prototypes and first runs in the production process.
EPAC Recommendations 2012
- In accordance with the EPAC’s purpose to advise APH staff on the prioritization of needs and projects, the committee recommends that APH utilize experienced EPAC members as resources before allocating significant funds for high-cost products or changes in current products that may significantly impact the use of Federal Quota funds.
- In an effort to obtain relevant data for products appropriate for students with multiple disabilities, the EPAC again requests that APH obtain feedback from a variety of multi-disciplinary teams (i.e., physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech and language) as well as teachers of the visually impaired and certified orientation and mobility instructors when products are sent out for field-testing.
- The EPAC recommends that APH review current practices and develop a process for continuously updating dynamic products such as the CVI website and other web-based tools to maintain cutting-edge knowledge, research and practice.
- Following the finalization of Building on Patterns, the EPAC recommends that APH notify the EPAC of the completion date, as well as the established schedule for regular revisions.
- The EPAC recognizes that increased capacity in production has not matched the increased capacity in product development; this has resulted in a bottleneck in production. The committee recommends that APH review, revise and update current practices to expedite the movement of a product from concept through production.
- The EPAC recommends that APH continue the development of collaborative partnerships with outside agencies to produce products and alleviate bottlenecks in the production process.
- Based on the curriculum demands of the 21st century, the EPAC recommends that APH fast track products for science and mathematics especially those for the instruction of the Nemeth Code.
Marty McKenzie, Chair
Educational Products Advisory Committee 2012
Addendum to the Advisory Committee Reports, Provided by APH
APH Products Approved for Purchase with Federal Quota Funds, FY2012.
VisioBook: Portable Electronic Magnifier and Distance Viewer was introduced by APH during fiscal year 2012.
- Book Port DT
- DNA Twist
- DNA-RNA Kit
- Everybody Plays!
- Games of Squares
- Getting to Know You
- Labeling, Marking, and Organization
- Little Breath of Wind
- Nearby Explorer (Android App)
- Paint Pot Palette
- Parenting With a Visual Impairment
- Perkins SmartBrailler
- Reach for the Stars
- Read/Write Stand
- Symbols and Meaning (SAM)
- Tactile Tangrams
- Touch ’em All Baseball
- VisioBook: Portable Electronic Magnifier and Distance Viewer
Distribution of Eligible Students
Based on the Federal Quota Census of January 3, 2011 (FY2012)
The Federal Quota Program was initiated in 1879 by the Federal Act to Promote the Education of the Blind. This program is a means whereby a per capita amount of money is designated for the purchase of educational materials for each eligible student registered through an established Federal Quota account. These Federal Quota accounts are maintained and administered by the American Printing House for the Blind (APH) and its Ex Officio Trustees.
The Federal Quota Registration is the census that records students who are eligible to receive materials provided by the Federal Act to Promote the Education of the Blind. This census is conducted through the Advisory Services portion of the act.
Appropriate Use of Federal Quota Census Data
The specific purpose of the annual Federal Quota Census is to register students in the United States and outlying areas who meet the definition of blindness and are, therefore, eligible for adapted educational materials from APH through the Act to Promote the Education of the Blind.
Statements regarding student literacy, use of appropriate learning media, and students taught in a specific medium cannot be supported using APH registration data.
Number of Blind and Visually Impaired Students Registered, Fiscal Year 2012
Agencies Receiving Federal Quota Funds
Agencies for the Education of the Visually Impaired in the United States Receiving Federal Quota Funds Due Under an Act to Promote the Education of the Blind, Fiscal Year 2012
Note: The agencies listed in this section are in the following order within each state: State Departments of Education, Schools for the Blind, Rehabilitation Programs, Programs for Students with Multiple Disabilities.
*Note: The abbreviation "PNP" means "Private, Non-profit."
|State and Agency Receiving Quota Funds||Pupils as of
January 3, 2011
|FY 2012 Allocation
|Alabama State Department of Education, Talladega||951||$335,963.84|
|Alabama State Department of Education, *PNP, Talladega||76||$26,848.85|
|Alabama Institute for Deaf and Blind, Talladega||302||$106,688.83|
|Alaska State Department of Education, Anchorage||171||$60,409.90|
|American Samoa Department of Education, Pago Pago||36||$12,717.87|
|Arizona State Department of Education, Phoenix||829||$292,864.38|
|Arizona State Department of Education, PNP, Phoenix||231||$81,606.36|
|Arizona State Schools for the Deaf and the Blind, Tucson||219||$77,367.07|
|Arkansas State Department of Education, Sherwood||249||$87,965.30|
|Arkansas State Department of Education, PNP, Sherwood||23||$8,125.31|
|Arkansas School for the Blind, Little Rock||122||$43,099.46|
|Lions World Services for the Blind, Little Rock||42||$14,837.52|
|Conway Human Development Center, Conway||72||$25,435.75|
|California Department of Education, Sacramento||4,967||$1,754,713.29|
|California Department of Education, PNP, Sacramento||617||$217,970.23|
|California School for the Blind, Fremont||67||$23,669.38|
|Braille Institute of America Inc, Los Angeles||66||$23,316.10|
|Orientation Center for the Blind, Fremont||13||$4,592.57|
|Colorado Department of Education, Colorado Springs||444||$156,853.78|
|Colorado Department of Education, PNP, Colorado Springs||135||$47,692.03|
|Colorado School for the Deaf and the Blind, Colorado Springs||75||$26,495.57|
|Rehabilitation Center, Denver||20||$7,065.49|
|Board of Education & Services for the Blind, Windsor||645||$227,861.91|
|Board of Education & Services for the Blind, PNP, Windsor||2||$706.55|
|Oak Hill School, Hartford||17||$6,005.66|
|Connecticut State Department of Developmental Services, Hartford||74||$26,142.30|
|State Department of Education, New Castle||215||$75,953.97|
|State Department of Education, PNP, New Castle||3||$1,059.82|
|Division for the Visually Impaired, New Castle||0||$0.00|
|District of Columbia|
|District of Columbia Public Schools, Washington||87||$30,734.86|
|District of Columbia Department of Human Services, Washington||0||$0.00|
|Florida State Department of Education, Tampa||1,887||$666,628.57|
|Florida State Department of Education, PNP, Tampa||126||$44,512.56|
|Florida School for the Deaf and the Blind, St. Augustine||241||$85,139.10|
|Division of Blind Services, Daytona Beach||31||$10,951.50|
|Miami Lighthouse for the Blind, Inc., Miami||30||$10,598.23|
|Conklin Centers for the Blind, Daytona Beach||41||$14,484.25|
|Georgia State Department of Education, Clarkston||1,255||$443,359.22|
|Georgia State Department of Education, PNP, Clarkston||8||$2,826.19|
|Georgia Academy for the Blind, Macon||95||$33,561.06|
|Center for the Visually Impaired, Atlanta||42||$14,837.52|
|East Central Regional Hospital, Gracewood||1||$353.27|
|Guam Department of Education, Hagåtña||30||$10,598.23|
|Hawaii Department of Education, Honolulu||189||$66,768.84|
|Hawaii Department of Education, PNP, Honolulu||32||$11,304.78|
|Hawaii Center for the Deaf and the Blind, Honolulu||3||$1,059.82|
|Idaho State Department of Education, Gooding||239||$84,432.55|
|Idaho State Department of Education, PNP, Gooding||4||$1,413.10|
|Idaho School for the Deaf and the Blind, Gooding||25||$8,831.86|
|Idaho Commission for the Blind, Boise||22||$7,772.03|
|Idaho State School and Hospital||3||$1,059.82|
|Illinois State Board of Education, Chicago||1,915||$676,520.25|
|Illinois State Board of Education, PNP, Chicago||513||$181,229.71|
|Illinois School for the Visually Impaired, Jacksonville||99||$34,974.15|
|The Hadley School for the Blind, Winnetka||1,031||$364,225.78|
|The Chicago Lighthouse for People who are Blind or Visually Impaired, Chicago||259||$91,498.04|
|Illinois Center for Rehabilitation and Education — Wood, Chicago||69||$24,375.93|
|The Hope School, Springfield||14||$4,945.84|
|Indiana Department of Education, Indianapolis||698||$246,585.45|
|Indiana Department of Education, PNP, Indianapolis||8||$2,826.19|
|Indiana School for the Blind, Indianapolis||106||$37,447.07|
|Indiana Department of Education—Adult Students, Indianapolis||57||$20,136.63|
|Iowa Department of Education, Vinton||421||$148,728.47|
|Iowa Department of Education, PNP, Vinton||9||$3,179.47|
|Iowa Braille and Sight Saving School, Vinton||4||$1,413.10|
|Iowa Department for the Blind, Glenwood||39||$13,777.70|
|Glenwood Resource Center, Glenwood||11||$3,886.02|
|Kansas State Board of Education, Kansas City||512||$180,876.43|
|Kansas State Board of Education, PNP, Kansas City||118||$41,686.36|
|Kansas State School for the Blind, Kansas City||39||$13,777.70|
|Kentucky Department of Education, Louisville||616||$217,616.96|
|Kentucky Department of Education, PNP, Louisville||48||$16,957.17|
|Kentucky School for the Blind, Louisville||49||$17,310.44|
|Kentucky Department for the Blind, Louisville||14||$4,945.84|
|Louisiana Department of Education, Baton Rouge||455||$160,739.80|
|Louisiana Department of Education, PNP, Baton Rouge||3||$1,059.82|
|Louisiana School for the Visually Impaired, Baton Rouge||64||$22,609.55|
|Louisiana Center for the Blind, Ruston||87||$30,734.86|
|The Lighthouse for the Blind in New Orleans Inc., New Orleans||0||$0.00|
|Maine Division for the Blind and Visually Impaired, Bangor||147||$51,931.32|
|Maine Division for the Blind and Visually Impaired, PNP, Bangor||6||$2,119.65|
|Maryland State Department of Education, Baltimore||671||$237,047.04|
|Maryland State Department of Education, PNP, Baltimore||138||$48,751.85|
|The Maryland School for the Blind, Baltimore||163||$57,583.71|
|Columbia Lighthouse for the Blind, Riverdale||29||$10,244.95|
|Massachusetts Department of Education, Malden||1,344||$474,800.63|
|Massachusetts Department of Education, PNP, Malden||47||$16,603.89|
|Perkins School for the Blind—Infants and Toddlers, Watertown||186||$65,709.02|
|The Carroll Center for the Blind, Newton||22||$7,772.03|
|Massachusetts Association for the Blind, Brookline||17||$6,005.66|
|Massachusetts Commission for the Blind, Boston||585||$206,665.45|
|Perkins School for the Blind—School Programs, Watertown||148||$52,284.59|
|Michigan Department of Education, Flint||1,925||$680,052.99|
|Michigan Department of Education, PNP, Flint||27||$9,538.41|
|Visually Handicapped Services/Detroit Receiving Hospital and University Health Center, Detroit||19||$6,712.21|
|Michigan Commission for the Blind Training Center, Kalamazoo||214||$75,600.70|
|Minnesota Department of Education, Roseville||772||$272,727.74|
|Minnesota Department of Education, PNP, Roseville||7||$2,472.92|
|Minnesota State Academy for the Blind, Faribault||45||$15,897.34|
|Blind, Inc., Minneapolis||18||$6,358.94|
|Vision Loss Resources, Minneapolis||0||$0.00|
|Duluth Lighthouse for the Blind, Duluth||2||$706.55|
|Mississippi State Department of Education, Jackson||219||$77,367.07|
|Mississippi School for the Blind, Jackson||81||$28,615.22|
|Addie McBryde Rehabilitation Center for the Blind, Jackson||14||$4,945.84|
|Reach Center for the Blind, Tupelo||9||$3,179.47|
|Department of Elementary & Secondary Education, St. Louis||980||$346,208.79|
|Department of Elementary & Secondary Education, PNP, St. Louis||200||$70,654.86|
|Missouri School for the Blind, St. Louis||46||$16,250.62|
|Alphapointe Association for the Blind, Kansas City||35||$12,364.60|
|Department of Social Services, Family Support Division, Jefferson City||13||$4,592.57|
|Montana State Department of Public Instruction, Great Falls||201||$71,008.13|
|Montana State Department of Public Instruction, PNP, Great Falls||12||$4,239.29|
|Montana School for the Deaf and the Blind, Great Falls||13||$4,592.57|
|Nebraska State Department of Education, Nebraska City||366||$129,298.39|
|Nebraska State Department of Education, PNP, Nebraska City||6||$2,119.65|
|Nebraska Center for the Education of Children Who Are Blind or Visually Impaired, Nebraska City||16||$5,652.39|
|Nevada Department of Education, Carson City||357||$126,118.92|
|New Hampshire Department of Education, Concord||152||$53,697.69|
|New Hampshire Department of Education, PNP, Concord||20||$7,065.49|
|New Jersey Commission for the Blind and Visually Impaired, Newark||1,326||$468,441.69|
|St. Joseph’s School for the Blind/Concordia Learning Center, Jersey City||134||$47,338.75|
|New Mexico State Department of Education, Alamogordo||501||$176,990.41|
|New Mexico State Department of Education, PNP, Alamogordo||7||$2,472.92|
|New Mexico School for the Visually Handicapped, Alamogordo||110||$38,860.17|
|New York State Education Department, Batavia||2,689||$949,954.54|
|New York State Education Department, PNP, Batavia||1,223||$432,054.44|
|Lavelle School for the Blind, Bronx||110||$38,860.17|
|The New York Institute for Special Education, Bronx||118||$41,686.36|
|New York State School for the Blind, Batavia||52||$18,370.26|
|Helen Keller National Center||30||$10,598.23|
|North Carolina Department of Public Education, Raleigh||1,146||$404,852.32|
|North Carolina Department of Public Education, PNP, Raleigh||407||$143,782.63|
|The Governor Morehead School, Raleigh||327||$115,520.69|
|Division of Services for the Blind, Raleigh||20||$7,065.49|
|Department of Public Instruction, Grand Forks||157||$55,464.06|
|Department of Public Instruction, PNP, Grand Forks||17||$6,005.66|
|North Dakota School for the Blind, Grand Forks||71||$25,082.47|
|Northern Mariana Islands|
|Commonwealth of the Northern Marianas Islands (CNMI) Department of Education||16||$5,652.39|
|Ohio State Department of Education, Columbus||1,623||$573,364.16|
|Ohio State Department of Education, PNP, Columbus||27||$9,538.41|
|Ohio State School for the Blind, Columbus||98||$34,620.88|
|Oklahoma Department of Education, Oklahoma City||760||$268,488.45|
|Oklahoma School for the Blind, Muskogee||91||$32,147.96|
|Oregon Department of Education, Salem||627||$221,502.97|
|Oregon Department of Education, PNP, Salem||31||$10,951.50|
|Pennsylvania Department of Education, Harrisburg||1,623||$573,364.16|
|Pennsylvania Department of Education, PNP, Harrisburg||22||$7,772.03|
|Overbrook School for the Blind, Philadelphia||376||$132,831.13|
|Western Pennsylvania School for Blind Children, Pittsburgh||169||$59,703.35|
|Blind And Vision Rehabilitation Services of Pittsburgh, Homestead||27||$9,538.41|
|Royer-Greaves School for the Blind, Downingtown||25||$8,831.86|
|Puerto Rico Department of Education, San Juan||705||$249,058.37|
|Puerto Rico Department of Education, PNP, San Juan||17||$6,005.66|
|Instituto Loaiza Cordero para Niños Ciegos, San Juan||65||$22,962.83|
|Rehabilitation Center for the Blind of Puerto Rico, San Juan||64||$22,609.55|
|Rhode Island Department of Education, Providence||150||$52,991.14|
|Rhode Island Department of Education, PNP, Providence||44||$15,544.07|
|South Carolina Department of Education, Columbia||519||$183,349.35|
|South Carolina Department of Education, *PNP, Columbia||6||$2,119.65|
|South Carolina School for the Deaf, Blind, and Multihandicapped, Columbia||165||$58,290.26|
|South Carolina Commission for the Blind, Columbia||23||$8,125.31|
|South Carolina School for the Deaf, Blind, and Multihandicapped, PNP, Columbia||48||$16,957.17|
|South Carolina Department of Disabilities and Special Needs, Columbia||474||$167,452.01|
|South Dakota Department of Education, Pierre||52||$18,370.26|
|South Dakota School for the Blind & Visually Impaired, Aberdeen||133||$46,985.48|
|South Dakota Rehabilitation Center for the Blind, Sioux Falls||8||$2,826.19|
|Tennessee State Department of Education, Nashville||773||$273,081.02|
|Tennessee State Department of Education, PNP, Nashville||27||$9,538.41|
|Tennessee School for the Blind, Nashville||146||$51,578.04|
|Texas Education Agency, Austin||5,049||$1,783,681.84|
|Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired, Austin||145||$51,224.77|
|The Lighthouse for the Blind of Houston, Houston||43||$15,190.79|
|Criss Cole Rehabilitation Center, Austin||62||$21,903.01|
|Texas Department of Mental Health-Mental Retardation, Austin||401||$141,662.99|
|Utah State Office of Education, Ogden||492||$173,810.95|
|Utah Schools for the Deaf and the Blind, Ogden||105||$37,093.80|
|Vermont State Department of Education, South Burlington||135||$47,692.03|
|Virgin Islands Department of Education, St. Thomas||20||$7,065.49|
|Virginia Department of Education, Richmond||1,275||$450,424.71|
|Virginia School for the Deaf and the Blind—Staunton, Staunton||43||$15,190.79|
|Department for the Blind and Vision Impaired, Richmond||68||$24,022.65|
|Department for the Blind and Vision Impaired, PNP, Richmond||15||$5,299.11|
|Washington State Department of Public Instruction, Vancouver||820||$289,684.91|
|Washington State Department of Public Instruction, PNP, Vancouver||65||$22,962.83|
|Washington State School for the Blind, Vancouver||64||$22,609.55|
|West Virginia State Department of Education, Romney||241||$85,139.10|
|West Virginia State Department of Education, PNP, Romney||3||$1,059.82|
|West Virginia Schools for the Deaf and the Blind, Romney||89||$31,441.41|
|Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction, Janesville||848||$299,576.59|
|Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction, PNP, Janesville||26||$9,185.13|
|Wisconsin School for the Visually Handicapped & Educational Services for the Visually Impaired, Janesville||40||$14,130.97|
|Wyoming Department of Education, Riverton||95||$33,561.06|
|Wyoming Department of Education, PNP, Riverton||66||$23,316.10|