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Annual Report 2017: Distribution of Eligible Students Based on the Federal Quota Census of January 4, 2016 (Fiscal Year 2017)

This chart lists the numbers of students registered by four major types of programs—Schools for the Blind, State Departments of Education, Programs for Students with Multiple Disabilities, and Rehabilitation Programs. The students are listed by grade and primary reading media.

Agencies Receiving Federal Quota Funds, Fiscal Year 2017

Appropriate Use of Federal Quota Census Data

NOTICE: For Press Members and Researchers: The number of students who read braille in the United States CANNOT be determined from these data.

Before citing these data in a publication, please contact the American Printing House for the Blind at email hidden; JavaScript is required.

The specific purpose of the annual Federal Quota Census is to register students in the United States and Outlying Areas who meet the definition of blindness and are therefore eligible for adapted educational materials from APH through the Act to Promote the Education of the Blind.

Statements regarding student literacy, use of appropriate learning media, and students taught in a specific medium cannot be supported using APH registration data.

Infant Programs

Visual Readers Braille Readers Auditory Readers Pre-readers Symbolic Readers / Non-readers Total
Totals 134 38 339 3,119 981 4,611
State Departments of Education 94 34 157 2,167 809 3,261
Schools for the Blind 11 0 110 796 138 1,055
Rehabilitation Programs 29 4 66 148 33 280
Multiple Disabilities Programs 0 0 6 8 1 15

Preschool

Visual Readers Braille Readers Auditory Readers Pre-readers Symbolic Readers / Non-readers Total
Totals 603 132 338 2,811 1,413 5,297
State Departments of Education 585 126 305 2,567 1,364 4,947
Schools for the Blind 12 5 25 227 36 305
Rehabilitation Programs 6 1 8 14 1 30
Multiple Disabilities Programs 0 0 0 3 12 15

Kindergarten

Visual Readers Braille Readers Auditory Readers Pre-readers Symbolic Readers / Non-readers Total
Totals 837 171 189 801 612 2,610
State Departments of Education 814 159 175 727 597 2,472
Schools for the Blind 21 12 13 72 13 131
Rehabilitation Programs 2 0 1 2 1 6
Multiple Disabilities Programs 0 0 0 0 1 1

Grade 1

Visual Readers Braille Readers Auditory Readers Pre-readers Symbolic Readers / Non-readers Total
Totals 1,064 209 225 574 620 2,692
State Departments of Education 1,027 196 208 532 602 2,565
Schools for the Blind 34 13 15 42 13 117
Rehabilitation Programs 3 0 1 0 1 5
Multiple Disabilities Programs 0 0 1 0 4 5

Grade 2

Visual Readers Braille Readers Auditory Readers Pre-readers Symbolic Readers / Non-readers Total
Totals 1,162 250 216 376 639 2,643
State Departments of Education 1,113 234 206 337 626 2,516
Schools for the Blind 40 16 9 37 12 114
Rehabilitation Programs 9 0 0 2 1 12
Multiple Disabilities Programs 0 0 1 0 0 1

Grade 3

Visual Readers Braille Readers Auditory Readers Pre-readers Symbolic Readers / Non-readers Total
Totals 1,279 272 228 331 634 2,744
State Departments of Education 1,235 244 207 305 608 2,599
Schools for the Blind 39 28 20 24 20 131
Rehabilitation Programs 5 0 0 1 2 8
Multiple Disabilities Programs 0 0 1 1 4 6

Grade 4

Visual Readers Braille Readers Auditory Readers Pre-readers Symbolic Readers / Non-readers Total
Totals 1,289 291 203 238 662 2,683
State Departments of Education 1,228 253 194 207 641 2,523
Schools for the Blind 54 38 8 31 18 149
Rehabilitation Programs 7 0 0 0 2 9
Multiple Disabilities Programs 0 0 1 0 1 2

Grade 5

Visual Readers Braille Readers Auditory Readers Pre-readers Symbolic Readers / Non-readers Total
Totals 1,283 285 205 211 646 2,630
State Departments of Education 1,218 251 191 177 628 2,465
Schools for the Blind 57 32 11 33 16 149
Rehabilitation Programs 8 2 1 1 0 12
Multiple Disabilities Programs 0 0 2 0 2 4

Grade 6

Visual Readers Braille Readers Auditory Readers Pre-readers Symbolic Readers / Non-readers Total
Totals 1,360 285 210 180 622 2,657
State Departments of Education 1,282 234 190 154 595 2,455
Schools for the Blind 73 50 20 25 26 194
Rehabilitation Programs 3 1 0 1 0 5
Multiple Disabilities Programs 2 0 0 0 1 3

Grade 7

Visual Readers Braille Readers Auditory Readers Pre-readers Symbolic Readers / Non-readers Total
Totals 1,329 317 227 141 543 2,557
State Departments of Education 1,256 266 206 116 523 2,367
Schools for the Blind 67 50 19 23 18 177
Rehabilitation Programs 5 1 1 1 0 8
Multiple Disabilities Programs 1 0 1 1 2 5

Grade 8

Visual Readers Braille Readers Auditory Readers Pre-readers Symbolic Readers / Non-readers Total
Totals 1,334 306 227 101 597 2,565
State Departments of Education 1,248 236 214 88 579 2,365
Schools for the Blind 77 70 13 13 18 191
Rehabilitation Programs 9 0 0 0 0 9
Multiple Disabilities Programs 0 0 0 0 0 0

Grade 9

Visual Readers Braille Readers Auditory Readers Pre-readers Symbolic Readers / Non-readers Total
Totals 1,380 336 240 77 495 2,528
State Departments of Education 1,282 269 213 69 470 2,303
Schools for the Blind 94 64 27 8 24 217
Rehabilitation Programs 4 3 0 0 0 7
Multiple Disabilities Programs 0 0 0 0 1 1

Grade 10

Visual Readers Braille Readers Auditory Readers Pre-readers Symbolic Readers / Non-readers Total
Totals 1,320 330 236 83 494 2,463
State Departments of Education 1,224 240 208 79 477 2,228
Schools for the Blind 89 88 28 3 15 223
Rehabilitation Programs 7 2 0 1 1 11
Multiple Disabilities Programs 0 0 0 0 1 1

Grade 11

Visual Readers Braille Readers Auditory Readers Pre-readers Symbolic Readers / Non-readers Total
Totals 1,253 326 208 61 456 2,304
State Departments of Education 1,163 237 188 54 435 2,077
Schools for the Blind 87 88 20 7 21 223
Rehabilitation Programs 3 1 0 0 0 4
Multiple Disabilities Programs 0 0 0 0 0 0

Grade 12

Visual Readers Braille Readers Auditory Readers Pre-readers Symbolic Readers / Non-readers Total
Totals 1,445 338 357 94 864 3,098
State Departments of Education 1,312 232 314 71 815 2,744
Schools for the Blind 113 105 43 23 47 331
Rehabilitation Programs 20 0 0 0 0 20
Multiple Disabilities Programs 0 1 0 0 2 3

Academic Nongraded

Visual Readers Braille Readers Auditory Readers Pre-readers Symbolic Readers / Non-readers Total
Totals 268 57 115 119 470 1,029
State Departments of Education 239 30 97 91 427 884
Schools for the Blind 28 27 18 28 43 144
Rehabilitation Programs 1 0 0 0 0 1
Multiple Disabilities Programs 0 0 0 0 0 0

Transition Students (formerly Postgraduate)

Visual Readers Braille Readers Auditory Readers Pre-readers Symbolic Readers / Non-readers Total
Totals 199 67 94 16 144 520
State Departments of Education 158 33 62 16 132 401
Schools for the Blind 41 34 31 0 12 118
Rehabilitation Programs 0 0 1 0 0 1
Multiple Disabilities Programs 0 0 0 0 0 0

Functional Curriculum (formerly Vocational)

Visual Readers Braille Readers Auditory Readers Pre-readers Symbolic Readers / Non-readers Total
Totals 466 108 324 338 1,623 2,859
State Departments of Education 423 80 241 286 1,568 2,598
Schools for the Blind 38 28 49 19 42 176
Rehabilitation Programs 5 0 2 2 1 10
Multiple Disabilities Programs 0 0 32 31 12 75

Adult Students

Visual Readers Braille Readers Auditory Readers Pre-readers Symbolic Readers / Non-readers Total
Totals 1,912 747 1,983 148 3,697 8,487
State Departments of Education 363 216 646 106 2,115 3,446
Schools for the Blind 146 96 83 2 91 418
Rehabilitation Programs 1,364 416 1,148 12 414 3,354
Multiple Disabilities Programs 39 19 106 28 1,077 1,269

Other Registrants

Visual Readers Braille Readers Auditory Readers Pre-readers Symbolic Readers / Non-readers Total
Totals 543 98 669 564 4,506 6,380
State Departments of Education 513 79 626 504 4,217 5,939
Schools for the Blind 28 17 40 55 237 377
Rehabilitation Programs 1 0 1 1 5 8
Multiple Disabilities Programs 1 2 2 4 47 56

Grand Totals, Fiscal Year 2017

Visual Readers Braille Readers Auditory Readers Pre-readers Symbolic Readers / Non-readers Total
Totals 20,460 4,963 6,833 10,383 20,718 63,357
State Departments of Education 17,777 3,649 4,848 8,693 18,228 53,155
Schools for the Blind 1,149 861 602 1,468 860 4,940
Rehabilitation Programs 1,491 431 1,230 186 462 3,800
Multiple Disabilities Programs 43 22 153 76 1,168 1,462

Appropriate Use of Federal Quota Census Data

NOTICE: For Press Members and Researchers: The number of students who read braille in the United States CANNOT be determined from these data.

Before citing these data in a publication, please contact the American Printing House for the Blind at email hidden; JavaScript is required.

The specific purpose of the annual Federal Quota Census is to register students in the United States and Outlying Areas who meet the definition of blindness and are therefore eligible for adapted educational materials from APH through the Act to Promote the Education of the Blind.

Statements regarding student literacy, use of appropriate learning media, and students taught in a specific medium cannot be supported using APH registration data.

Student Percentages by Program Type

Pie chart

State Departments of Education 83.9%
Schools for the Blind 7.8%
Rehabilitation Programs 6.0%
Multiple Disabilities Programs 2.3%

Student Percentages by Primary Reading Medium Reporting Codes

Pie chart

Braille Readers 7.8%
Auditory Readers 10.8%
Pre-readers 16.4%
Visual Readers 32.3%
Symbolic Readers/Non-readers 32.7%

Student Percentages by Secondary Reading Medium Reporting Codes

Pie chart

Auditory Readers 28.4%
Braille Readers 5.5%
Not Applicable 61.5%
Visual Readers 4.6%

Student Readers by Reading Medium

Pie chart

Visual Readers 63.4%
Braille Readers 15.4%
Auditory Readers 21.2%

Note: Total number of student readers: 32,256

Explanation of Reading Media

Note: These data were collected and prepared by the Department of Field Services of the American Printing House for the Blind in the administration of the Federal Act to Promote the Education of the Blind of 1879.