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APH Large Type Printing Press Chronology

1936: APH begins experimenting with large type publications, creating a single project, "Everyday Manners for American Boys and Girls." The surviving plate from this book suggests it could have been printed on a conventional platen press in the APH ink print department.

1947: APH creates a large type department and continues experimenting. The company buys the first of four Addressograph-Multigraph Multilith 2066 and 2014 Duplicators, commercial offset presses it will use for the next twenty years. The Multigraphs are not ideal for large type work. Superintendent Finis Davis complains that setup costs on the machines require the company to print 150-200 copies of each textbook, forcing APH to store inventory long-term.

1964: The company begins buying MGD-20 offset presses from Miehle-Goss-Dexter in Chicago. The company has at least six only a year later. A larger MGD-22 is added by 1966.

1968: APH begins adding gray-green Davidson 600 series offset presses to its equipment, buying at least four by the end of 1970. The Model 600s are branded Dualith. The Model 620 is a Dual-A-Matic.

1969: APH begins buying A.B. Dick Model 350 and 380 offset presses. The 380 is virtually identical to the MGD-20, in both color and design. The company also had an A.B. Dick 385, which was equivalent to the MGD-22. The 385 was in service until 1994.

1982: The company buys a Davidson 702-P offset press, fitted to print on both sides of the page.

1983: The Large Type Department buys two Minolta photocopiers to produce single copy textbooks. In the so-called "M" process, books were made on-demand for the first time, with a two-week turnaround. By 1993, the department is operating sixteen of the Minolta copiers.

1987: By this year, the Printing House has twenty-four Davidson Model 701 10×15" offset presses used in the "short run" process. The presses use inexpensive disposable paper plates ideal for small print runs.

1990: APH acquires its first A.B. Dick Model 9880D Super-Aquamatic offset printing press in July. It adds a second in 1993, and a pair of 9870 models in 1995.

1991: Xerox installs and tests a DocuTech heavy duty photocopier at APH. Unlike the Minolta photocopiers, the DocuTech allows APH to scan, reformat, and store large type textbooks. Once a book has been scanned, thereafter it can be printed on demand. A second DocuTech is installed in December 1993. By 1997, 30-40% of APH large type printing is being done on the DocuTech. The company begins selling its older offset presses.

1996: The company leases its first Xerox DocuPrint 6135 in May and a second in August. The original DocuTech equipment is removed in September. Also by this date, the older Minolta photocopiers have been replaced by ten Ricoh photocopiers.

2001: The APH newsletter In Touch describes the Xerox DocuPrint system being used in large type, which allows scanning, archiving, and on-demand high-speed printing, all in one machine. In March 2001, the DocuTech 6135 equipment is replaced with two Xerox DocuPrint 96 systems.

2002: APH leases its first color copier, a Xerox DocuColor 6060 Production Color Solution. A second color copier, a DocuColor 40, is added later.

2003: The Xerox DocuPrint 96 system is replaced with a higher capacity DocuPrint 100.

2005: Demand for color textbooks is outgrowing the capacity of the company’s Xerox DocuColor copiers. APH replaces its DocuColor machines with a Xerox iGen3 in March. The iGen produces up to 80 pages per minute compared to the 26 pages per minute capacity of the DocuColor 6060.

2008: The day of the offset duplicator at APH comes to an end with the disposal of the last presses, a pair of A.B. Dick 9870s.

2011: The Printing House adds a Xerox iGen 4 to its large type print floor. All large print work, both color and black/white, is now handled on the Xerox iGen3 and iGen4.