Annual Report 2016: Distribution of Eligible Students Based on the Federal Quota Census of January 3, 2015 (Fiscal Year 2016)

October 1, 2015 – September 30, 2016

This chart lists the numbers of students registered by four major types of programs– Schools for the Blind, State Departments of Education, Programs for Students with Multiple Disabilities, and Rehabilitation Programs. The students are listed by grade and primary reading media.

Agencies Receiving Federal Quota Funds, Fiscal Year 2016

Appropriate Use of Federal Quota Census Data

NOTICE: For Press Members and Researchers: The number of students who read braille in the United States CANNOT be determined from these data.

Before citing these data in a publication, please contact the American Printing House for the Blind at email hidden; JavaScript is required.

The specific purpose of the annual Federal Quota Census is to register students in the United States and Outlying Areas who meet the definition of blindness and are therefore eligible for adapted educational materials from APH through the Act to Promote the Education of the Blind.

Statements regarding student literacy, use of appropriate learning media, and students taught in a specific medium cannot be supported using APH registration data.

Infant Programs

Visual Readers Braille Readers Auditory Readers Pre-readers Non-readers / Symbolic Readers Total
State Departments of Education 185 52 97 1,976 659 2,969
Schools for the Blind 16 2 125 913 132 1,188
Rehabilitation Programs 3 3 40 192 61 299
Multiple Disabilities Programs 0 0 7 8 1 16
Totals 204 57 269 3,089 853 4,472

Preschool

Visual Readers Braille Readers Auditory Readers Pre-readers Non-readers / Symbolic Readers Total
State Departments of Education 629 118 306 2,531 1,306 4,890
Schools for the Blind 13 12 48 279 45 397
Rehabilitation Programs 12 1 7 10 14 44
Multiple Disabilities Programs 0 0 0 3 17 20
Totals 654 131 361 2,823 1,382 5,351

Kindergarten

Visual Readers Braille Readers Auditory Readers Pre-readers Non-readers / Symbolic Readers Total
State Departments of Education 833 198 201 750 637 2,619
Schools for the Blind 30 8 13 74 16 141
Rehabilitation Programs 6 1 4 1 10 22
Multiple Disabilities Programs 0 0 0 1 2 3
Totals 869 207 218 826 665 2,785

Grade 1

Visual Readers Braille Readers Auditory Readers Pre-readers Non-readers / Symbolic Readers Total
State Departments of Education 942 215 180 449 615 2,401
Schools for the Blind 37 13 13 41 9 113
Rehabilitation Programs 12 0 2 4 4 22
Multiple Disabilities Programs 0 0 1 0 4 5
Totals 991 228 196 494 632 2,541

Grade 2

Visual Readers Braille Readers Auditory Readers Pre-readers Non-readers / Symbolic Readers Total
State Departments of Education 1,110 244 173 375 667 2,569
Schools for the Blind 36 17 15 28 16 112
Rehabilitation Programs 8 1 0 3 5 17
Multiple Disabilities Programs 0 0 2 0 1 3
Totals 1,154 262 190 406 689 2,701

Grade 3

Visual Readers Braille Readers Auditory Readers Pre-readers Non-readers / Symbolic Readers Total
State Departments of Education 1,180 218 189 259 620 2,466
Schools for the Blind 39 36 13 28 17 133
Rehabilitation Programs 9 0 2 1 5 17
Multiple Disabilities Programs 0 0 0 1 6 7
Totals 1,228 254 204 289 648 2,623

Grade 4

Visual Readers Braille Readers Auditory Readers Pre-readers Non-readers / Symbolic Readers Total
State Departments of Education 1,154 248 173 208 631 2,414
Schools for the Blind 49 28 13 28 12 130
Rehabilitation Programs 8 2 1 0 2 13
Multiple Disabilities Programs 0 0 1 0 2 3
Totals 1,211 278 188 236 647 2,560

Grade 5

Visual Readers Braille Readers Auditory Readers Pre-readers Non-readers / Symbolic Readers Total
State Departments of Education 1,214 249 188 174 601 2,426
Schools for the Blind 52 35 18 23 19 147
Rehabilitation Programs 12 1 2 2 1 18
Multiple Disabilities Programs 0 0 2 0 5 7
Totals 1,278 285 210 199 626 2,598

Grade 6

Visual Readers Braille Readers Auditory Readers Pre-readers Non-readers / Symbolic Readers Total
State Departments of Education 1,227 265 172 139 582 2,385
Schools for the Blind 57 46 12 22 19 156
Rehabilitation Programs 10 2 2 2 4 20
Multiple Disabilities Programs 2 0 0 0 2 4
Totals 1,296 313 186 163 607 2,565

Grade 7

Visual Readers Braille Readers Auditory Readers Pre-readers Non-readers / Symbolic Readers Total
State Departments of Education 1,209 239 205 105 572 2,330
Schools for the Blind 79 55 9 12 17 172
Rehabilitation Programs 11 3 1 0 2 17
Multiple Disabilities Programs 1 0 1 1 1 4
Totals 1,300 297 216 118 592 2,523

Grade 8

Visual Readers Braille Readers Auditory Readers Pre-readers Non-readers / Symbolic Readers Total
State Departments of Education 1,141 271 210 85 551 2,258
Schools for the Blind 77 58 29 8 24 196
Rehabilitation Programs 11 1 0 0 2 14
Multiple Disabilities Programs 0 0 0 0 0 0
Totals 1,229 330 239 93 577 2,468

Grade 9

Visual Readers Braille Readers Auditory Readers Pre-readers Non-readers / Symbolic Readers Total
State Departments of Education 1,220 230 211 86 538 2,285
Schools for the Blind 88 80 14 3 20 205
Rehabilitation Programs 10 3 0 0 3 16
Multiple Disabilities Programs 0 0 0 0 3 3
Totals 1,318 313 225 89 564 2,509

Grade 10

Visual Readers Braille Readers Auditory Readers Pre-readers Non-readers / Symbolic Readers Total
State Departments of Education 1,135 248 183 58 475 2,099
Schools for the Blind 88 87 21 8 21 225
Rehabilitation Programs 5 3 2 1 4 15
Multiple Disabilities Programs 0 0 0 0 1 1
Totals 1,228 338 206 67 501 2,340

Grade 11

Visual Readers Braille Readers Auditory Readers Pre-readers Non-readers / Symbolic Readers Total
State Departments of Education 1,103 213 188 56 460 2,020
Schools for the Blind 78 89 36 11 10 224
Rehabilitation Programs 9 0 1 0 1 11
Multiple Disabilities Programs 0 0 0 0 0 0
Totals 1,190 302 225 67 471 2,255

Grade 12

Visual Readers Braille Readers Auditory Readers Pre-readers Non-readers / Symbolic Readers Total
State Departments of Education 1,231 276 281 65 761 2,614
Schools for the Blind 111 121 40 19 40 331
Rehabilitation Programs 14 0 3 0 3 20
Multiple Disabilities Programs 0 0 0 0 4 4
Totals 1,356 397 324 84 808 2,969

Academic Nongraded

Visual Readers Braille Readers Auditory Readers Pre-readers Non-readers / Symbolic Readers Total
State Departments of Education 250 39 125 101 438 953
Schools for the Blind 21 30 18 23 50 142
Rehabilitation Programs 0 0 0 0 1 1
Multiple Disabilities Programs 0 0 0 0 0 0
Totals 271 69 143 124 489 1,096

Transition Students (formerly Postgraduate)

Visual Readers Braille Readers Auditory Readers Pre-readers Non-readers / Symbolic Readers Total
State Departments of Education 111 30 54 16 96 307
Schools for the Blind 36 24 31 0 12 103
Rehabilitation Programs 0 0 0 0 1 1
Multiple Disabilities Programs 0 0 0 0 2 2
Totals 147 54 85 16 111 413

Functional Curriculum (formerly Vocational)

Visual Readers Braille Readers Auditory Readers Pre-readers Non-readers / Symbolic Readers Total
State Departments of Education 397 64 189 209 1,342 2,201
Schools for the Blind 44 31 65 22 52 214
Rehabilitation Programs 2 1 2 3 9 17
Multiple Disabilities Programs 0 0 26 31 14 71
Totals 443 96 282 265 1,417 2,503

Adult Students

Visual Readers Braille Readers Auditory Readers Pre-readers Non-readers / Symbolic Readers Total
State Departments of Education 335 232 713 111 2,077 3,468
Schools for the Blind 125 93 79 6 98 401
Rehabilitation Programs 1,292 424 1,098 18 393 3,225
Multiple Disabilities Programs 40 18 113 28 1,145 1,344
Totals 1,792 767 2,003 163 3,713 8,438

Other Registrants

Visual Readers Braille Readers Auditory Readers Pre-readers Non-readers / Symbolic Readers Total
State Departments of Education 523 93 652 546 4,515 6,329
Schools for the Blind 23 20 38 51 254 386
Rehabilitation Programs 11 0 25 1 14 51
Multiple Disabilities Programs 1 2 1 2 46 52
Totals 558 115 716 600 4,829 6,818

Totals

Visual Readers Braille Readers Auditory Readers Pre-readers Non-readers / Symbolic Readers Total
State Departments of Education 17,129 3,742 4,690 8,299 18,143 52,003
Schools for the Blind 1,099 885 650 1,599 883 5,116
Rehabilitation Programs 1,445 446 1,192 238 539 3,860
Multiple Disabilities Programs 44 20 154 75 1,256 1,549
Totals 19,717 5,093 6,686 10,211 20,821 62,528

Appropriate Use of Federal Quota Census Data

The specific purpose of the annual Federal Quota Census is to register students in the United States and Outlying Areas who meet the definition of blindness and are therefore eligible for adapted educational materials from APH through the Act to Promote the Education of the Blind.

Statements regarding student literacy, use of appropriate learning media, and students taught in a specific medium cannot be supported using APH registration data.

Student Percentages by Program Type

Pie chart

State Departments of Education 83.1%
Schools for the Blind 8.2%
Rehabilitation Programs 6.2%
Multiple Disabilities Programs 2.5%

Student Percentages by Reading Medium: Primary

Pie chart

Visual Readers 31.5%
Auditory Readers 10.7%
Pre-Readers 16.3%
Braille Readers 8.2%
Symbolic Readers / Non-readers 33.3%

Student Percentages by Reading Medium: Secondary

Pie chart

Visual Readers 4.3%
Braille Readers 5.1%
Auditory Readers 26.9%
Not Applicable 63.7%

Student Readers by Reading Medium

Pie chart

Visual Readers 62.6%
Braille Readers 16.2%
Auditory Readers 21.2%

Note: Total number of student readers: 31,496

Explanation of Reading Media

Note: These data were collected and prepared by the Department of Field Services of the American Printing House for the Blind in the administration of the Federal Act to Promote the Education of the Blind of 1879.

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